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Appendix March 6, 2008
Appendix - March 13, 2008
Appendix March 24, 2008
Appendix August 14, 2008
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Cambodian classical dance drama revival.


These photos were taken after the classical dance performance of Vong Sovann Chann Savat had ended to loud applause at the Chaktomuk Theatre on Saturday evening. UNESCO, who proclaimed the Royal Ballet of Cambodia as a masterpiece of oral and intangible heritage of humanity in 2003, were instrumental in reviving this classical dance drama. My photos don't do the work or the performers justice as I've come to realize that my Sony cyber-shot digital camera simply isn't good enough for theatre pictures indoors, so apologies for the quality. Nevertheless, it was great to see my friend Sam Savin performing the lead role of princess Tep Sokun - she's been dancing since she was twelve, she's now 29 and has performed abroad many times in major performances and tours such as Dance: The Spirit of Cambodia, Seasons of Migration, she starred as Pamina Devi in the dance of the same name and countless other productions. When she's not dancing, which is rare, she teaches dance at the Royal University of Fine Arts. Chaktomuk was full to bursting for the performance with invited guests and just a handful of barangs on view - I had intended to gripe here about the lack of publicity for the event but if its a full-house then their view is that PR isn't necessary. However, one-off performances like this don't allow a wider audience to view this important artistic display of Cambodia's culture and whilst I'm not advocating a run of shows such as Where Elephants Weep enjoyed, at least two or three performances would give others a chance to experience the grace and beauty of the show. A bonus point was the colour programme, which gave an easy-to-follow summary of the drama, which enhanced my understanding and enjoyment of the work, and other details in both English and Khmer.

First of its kind Youth Assembly to be held at Hyderabad


Youth Assembly with an aim to sensitize youth towards community service and social entrepreneurship to be held at Hyderabad. About 1500 youth from various colleges and universities across India are expected to participate. Several youth and achievers such as Mr. Rajdeep Sardesai, Chairman, CNN-IBN; Mrs. Amala Akkineni, Founder Secretary, Blue Cross Society of Hyderabad; Filmstar Nagarjuna; Mrs. Soumya Mishra, DIG, AP Special Police; Dr. Jaya Prakash Narayan, Founder - Lok Satta; Ms. Karuna Gopal, President - Foundation for Futuristic Cities; Mrs. Farida, Directory - World Wildlife Fund, A.P. Region; Mr. Karunya & Ms. Bhargavi Pillai, playback singers and many others will share their success stories and inspire the participants.

The first of its kind Youth Assembly will be held in Hyderabad with an aim to sensitize youth towards community service and social entrepreneurship. About 1500 youth from various colleges and universities across India are expected to participate. Several youth and achievers such as Mr. Rajdeep Sardesai, Chairman, CNN-IBN; Mrs. Amala Akkineni, Founder Secretary, Blue Cross Society of Hyderabad; Filmstar Nagarjuna; Mrs. Soumya Mishra, DIG, AP Special Police; Dr. Jaya Prakash Narayan, Founder - Lok Satta; Ms. Karuna Gopal, President - Foundation for Futuristic Cities; Mrs. Farida, Directory - World Wildlife Fund, A.P. Region; Mr. Karunya & Ms. Bhargavi Pillai, playback singers and many others will share their success stories and inspire the participants. The two-day youth assembly is a conglomeration of youngsters who wish to make a difference to their world, informs Mr. Vinayak Kalletla, Founder Principal - Abhyasa Residential Public School, the organisers. The entry to the Assembly is free.

To be held in Sri Satya Sai Nigamagamam in Hyderabad on 12th and 13th September for two days, this is the maiden annual gathering of hundreds of young people who seek practical ways to contribute to the achievement of millennium development goals of United Nations. The assembly is being organised by Abhyasa Residential Public School along with Passionate, a NGO.

Youth is the hope of the nation, we are more concerned about their future. But, what about their ‘today’. Almost all of us think of their future. Nobody is worried about their ‘present’. They are the mighty force. Let us make use of their ‘today’ to make their tomorrow more better for them and us. Half of the population is youth. They are hard working and good looking. They have smartness and brains. They are very good at community service. The fact that sixty per cent of blood donors in this country comprise of youth has proved that they are socially concerned, says Mr. Vinayak.

Mr. R. Prabhakar Rao, I.P.S. (Retd. DGP of A.P.) and Chairperson of Abhyasa School informs that the Youth Assembly is the platform which enables each participants to explore possibilities to make a difference to the world by being an aware and active citizen and confronting the challenges of the present.

Master Chaitanya, Founder Secretary, Passionate informed that the highlight of the meet is the participation of several youth achievers from the field of administration, sports, media, entertainment, social activities and social entrepreneurs. They will be sharing their success stories and initiating panel discussion to inspire the participants.

Community service and social entrepreneurship must be inculcated among generation next. They are not less than any best of the best social workers in the country. Youth and community service, none can beat them. They have the power and zeal. They too have responsibility towards their society, social fabric. Let us not undermine their social awareness and concerns. They know about it. But, what lacks is the proper avenues and initiatives. This is one such an event which draws youth attention into community service, says Mr. Vinayak.

For more information on Youth Assembly of Hyderabad, Mr. Vinayak Kalletla, Founder Principal - Abhyasa School can be reached on Tel: 98480-53745

China plans to increase the quota for government sponsored overseas students, an official with the China Scholarship Council (CSC) said Monday.

The country will offer 20,000 overseas students scholarships in 2010, doubling that of 2007, Liu Jinghui, CSC secretary-general, said at the China-ASEAN education exchange week in Guiyang, Guizhou province. Overseas students who are awarded scholarships will be given subsidies covering living and tuition expenses, Liu said. "China has paid great attention to education, and overseas students are also very important," Liu said.

He said these students will help Chinese universities become more international.  The country is expected to welcome 500,000 overseas students by 2020, including self-sponsored ones, Liu said.  China increased the living subsidy for overseas students by almost 50 percent this year from that of last year.

It is now 1,400 yuan ($200) per month for an undergraduate student. The monthly subsidy for overseas graduates and PhD candidates was also increased to 1,700 yuan and 2,000 yuan respectively this year. Among all subjects offered to international students, Chinese language, medicine and management are the most popular.

China's environment for international students has become more friendly with better management, living, schooling and medical insurance, Cao Guoxing, director of the international cooperation and exchange department of the Ministry of Education, said earlier.

The ministry adopted a number of measures last year to enhance the development of studying in China including the use of English as a medium of instruction.  Diplomas awarded to foreign students meet the highest standards.

China received more than 190,000 overseas students last year, almost five times that of 1997.  They came from 188 countries and regions, and 5.2 percent of them were offered Chinese government scholarships.

South Korea, Japan, the United States, Vietnam and Thailand were the top five countries that had the largest number of international students in China last year.  Xinhua contributed to the story

Japan Announces Plan to Enroll More Foreign Students

Tokyo — Japanese government officials announced today some details of an ambitious plan to nearly triple the country’s enrollment of foreign students, to 300,000 in 12 years, the Asahi Shimbun newspaper reported.

The plan, disclosed amid a looming enrollment crisis at Japanese universities, will ease visa restrictions, improve accommodations, increase Japanese-language teaching, and help foreign students find work in the country after graduation.

About 30 of Japan’s top universities will be designated as key centers for the “opening up of higher education to foreign students,” according to a joint announcement by the ministries of education, justice, and foreign affairs, and other bureaucracies. Specific details on each measure were not provided.

About 119,000 foreign students are now at Japanese universities, down from a peak of 122,000 in 2005. Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda pledged to raise the figure to 300,000 by 2020 in a January policy speech. But today’s statement, which includes proposals to seek funds in next year’s federal budget, is the first concrete sign that Japan’s slow-moving bureaucracy is gearing up to bring the plan to fruition. —David McNeill

Posted on Tuesday July 29, 2008 | Permalink |


The Center for Asia-Pacific Women in Politics (CAPWIP) and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UN/ISDR) are pleased to invite you to the Third Global Congress of Women in Politics and Governance which will be held on October 19-22, 2008 at the Dusit Thani Hotel, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines. The theme of the congress is �Gender in Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction.�

Gender experts have raised concern over the absence of women in the discourse/debate on climate change and disaster risk reduction, both of which are global mainstream issues that are currently impacting the entire world. The involvement of women in areas of environmental management and governance should not be perceived as an afterthought. Women's roles are of considerable importance in the promotion of environmental ethics.

The current imperative is for women to understand the phenomenon of climate change and disaster risk reduction and their impacts and implications at the individual, household, community and national levels. Studies show that women have a definite information deficit on climate politics, climate protection, and preparedness through disaster risk reduction. Only with this information can women take their proper, significant and strategic role in the issues of climate change and disaster risk reduction.

Invited to this congress are female and male participants from: National & Local Parliaments/Legislative Bodies; National & Local Governments; Environment Organizations; National & Local Disaster Bodies & Agencies; Policy Advocacy Groups on Gender, Environment and Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction; Disaster Aid/Relief Organizations/Bodies; Gender Organizations; National Committees on Women; National and Local Environment Ministries; Youth Leaders & Media Practitioners; Funding/donor agencies/organizations.

The Congress has the following objectives:

Overall Purpose:
To provide a forum for policy advocates, legislators and decision-makers in national and local governments and leaders at all levels in formulating gender-responsive legislation and programs related to climate change and disaster risk reduction.

Specific Objectives:
a) to understand the phenomenon of climate change, its impacts, and its implications and study the appropriate risk reduction strategies;

b) to review and examine the gender aspects in climate change and disaster risk reduction and formulate appropriate actions to address these;

c) to define the roles women can play in addressing the impacts of climate change and disaster risk reduction programs and policies at the global, national and sub-national levels; and

d) to identify and define the action agenda for national and local legislators/parliamentarians, policy advocates, and leaders to support global and national actions to adapt gender responsive legislation and programs related to climate change and disaster risk reduction.

Congress Proceedings:

The discussion on gender in climate and disaster risk reduction change will be organized around identifying the challenges to action as well as defining the appropriate responses to effectively address the impacts of climate change and disaster risk reduction. Inputs to the discussion will be collected and organized around: 1) geographic location and 2) types of actions: i.e. preparedness, risk reduction: building community resilience; adaptation; and mitigation. Cross cutting these discussions will be the identification of technologies in aid of responding to climate change and preparedness thru disaster risk reduction.

The focus of the discussions will revolve around defining and elaborating actions (i.e. preparedness, disaster risk reduction, adaptation, and mitigation) to cope with climate change and its impacts and preparedness and disaster risk reduction.

Preparedness and disaster risk reduction is about building individual and community capacities to position themselves and their communities so that the likelihood of climate change-induced disasters is reduced; the intensity or adverse impacts of disasters are cushioned and that inhabitants are able to respond promptly, expeditiously and effectively. Adaptation entails actions that moderate harm, or exploit benefits, of climate change. Mitigation entails actions that minimizes or cushions the adverse impacts of climate change.

In all of these actions, special attention will be given to defining how women and gender could be mainstreamed. In other words, the Congress should define how women can be given the social space to participate, influence, and benefit from global and local responses to climate change and preparedness through disaster risk reduction policies, programs and strategies.

The registration fee for the four day congress is One thousand five hundred fifty US Dollars (US$ 1,550.) per person for twin room sharing accommodations (two persons in one room) and one thousand nine hundred fifty US Dollars (US$ 1,950.) per person for single room accommodations (one person in one room).

The Global Congress will be held on Oct 19-22, 2008. However, the participants will be requested to be in Manila the day before, October 18, 2008 and leave Manila only on October 23, 2008. The overnight hotel accommodation on October 18, 2008 is already included in the fee. Participants will be billeted in the Dusit Thani Hotel, the venue of the congress, and hotels near the Dusit Thani Hotel, accessible within walking distance. Room accommodations in the Dusit Thani Hotel will be on a first come - first served basis.

Importance of the Congress

Today, on the average, one person out of nineteen in a developing country will be hit by a climate disaster, compared to 1 out of 1,500 in an OECD country. Climate change creates life time traps: in Niger, a child born during a drought is 72 percent more likely to be stunted than a child born during a normal season.

We hope that your organization can send participants to the Third Global Congress of Women in Politics and Governance. The Theme is �Gender in Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction�. This is the first time this will be discussed in a forum whose objective is to formulate gender responsive legislation, policies, programs and strategies on gender in climate change and disaster risk reduction which we hope will help legislators and decision makers at all levels in including women in the mechanisms, institutions and processes involving climate change and risk reduction policies and programs.

The Center for Asia Pacific Women in Politics finds it an honor to have as its partner in convening this congress the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UN/ISDR). The commitment of the UN/ISDR in including the gender perspective in all its programs on preparedness through disaster risk reduction is much appreciated and should serve as a model for all.

We truly hope that your organization will find this forum a good opportunity to advocate gender in climate change and disaster risk policies, programs and strategies. Let us join hands in promoting gender responsive governance through transformative leadership and citizenship. We are looking forward to your participation.

Please download the full information sheet and registration form for this Third Global Congress of Women in Politics and Governance from our website,

The Asian Pacific Americans

OCA is a national organization dedicated to advancing the social, political, and economic well-being of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States.

To fulfill its mission, OCA has established the following goals:
  • to advocate for social justice, equal opportunity and fair treatment;
  • to promote civic participation, education, and leadership;
  • to advance coalitions and community building; and
  • to foster cultural heritage.

Founded in 1973 as the Organization of Chinese Americans, OCA aims to embrace the hopes and aspirations of nearly 13 million Asian Pacific Americans in the United States.

OCA is engaged in organizing its over 80 chapters and affiliates across the nation to develop both leadership and community involvement. OCA chapters and our organizational and college affiliates are establishing strong local programs in all parts of the country.

OCA's base in Washington, D.C. gives the national office an effective vantage point for monitoring legislation and policy issues affecting Asian Pacific Americans. In addition, OCA is able to build national support and to work in coalition with other national groups around issues affecting Asian Pacific Americans.

OCA takes no collective position on the politics of any foreign country, but instead focuses on the welfare and civil rights of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States.


Asian Pacific Americans



WASHINGTON DC—OCA, a national organization with over 80 chapters and affiliates across the country dedicated to ensuring social justice for Asian Pacific Americans, spoke out today against the frequency of ethnic stereotypes featured in advertising during this year’s Super Bowl broadcast.

“We were disappointed that some advertising during last weekend’s broadcast of the Super Bowl, a quintessential celebration of American sports, did not celebrate American diversity but instead exploited our differences for a cheap laugh,” said Ginny Gong, OCA National President, “We call on companies to exercise sensitivity and stop the use of such stereotypes in future advertising.”

Among the objectionable commercials were ads featuring pandas with stereotypical Asian accents and a character named Ramesh who spoke with a stereotypical Indian accent and had eight children, and a commercial featuring a cast of immigrants “learning” how to talk to American women.

This year’s Super Bowl was the most watched sports event and the second-most watched TV program in US history, with an estimated 100 million viewers on Sunday night. “Those ads incorporating stereotypes of Asians Pacific Americans, and other minority and immigrant groups are all the more damaging because of the huge audience watching the game,” said Michael Lin, OCA Executive Director, “We hope that in the future, companies will consider the potential negative effects of their advertising.”

Founded in 1973 as the Organization of Chinese Americans, OCA is a national organization dedicated to the social, political, and economic well-being of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States.

Facilitators: See Appendix March 24, 2008 .Want to be a part of this group?  then become a facilitator.  See >>>


Potential facilitators should have work experience in one or more of the following areas:

  • Works or has worked in student affairs in a collegiate settings for APIA students or worked directly with APIA students on their leadership development,
  • Teaches or has taught Asian American studies courses AND worked with students directly,
  • Currently or has developed and facilitated interactive workshops, trainings and conferences for APIAs
  • Possesses an understanding and has demonstrated experience in the areas of social justice, activism, and organizing for APIAs.

pdf Facilitator Application

Applications to be a facilitator for the 2008-2009 are due August 31, 2008.

Save the Tiger: India's Symbol of Wilderness, Disappearing


To go to India in search of tigers sounds like a Kipling-inspired childhood fantasy. But the fantasy is turning into a nightmare. A country where tiger is the spirit of Indian jungle, the symbol of Indian wilderness is disappearing slowly and steadily.

Wildlife experts have long pointed out the miserably declining numbers of tigers in India, the situation has been looming for a long time, and recently when the official figures were released by Government's National Tiger Conservation Authority it was the final nail on the coffin.

Only 1411 tigers remain in India, its shocking if you see that a century ago there were 40,000 tigers and there has been a decline of 60% in the past decade.

The reason for this is well known - poaching of tigers and encroachments by humans in their habitat. Humans are always the destructive force. Out of dismay and in a bid to save the animal, the Finance Minister announced a special grant of $12.5 million (Rs 50 crore) in this year's budget.

The bulk of the grant will be used to raise, arm and deploy a special Tiger Protection Force. Yes, the writing is on the wall. A leading news channel in India has taken the initiative and launched a petition called "Save the Tiger", which we hope is just not creative capitalism. Its pretty simple, they plan on approaching the Prime Minister to declare emergency and make Tiger Conservation the responsibility of the Federal Government.

It will take a few minutes, sign up for the campaign, more number of people sign, more impact will the petition make - Petition to Save the Tiger

The Centre has done its bit by allocating funds, its now the turn of State governments to save its tigers. According to the official stats, which is another debatable topic as people have questioned how accurate they are, here are the figures of some of the states.

Overall, there are 178 tigers in Uttarakhand, 109 in UP, 10 in Bihar, 95 in Andhra Pradesh, 26 in Chhatisgarh, 300 in Madhya Pradesh, 103 in Maharashtra, 45 in Orissa, 32 in Rajasthan, 290 in Karnataka, 46 in Kerala and 76 in Tamil Nadu. There are 70 tigers in Assam, 14 in Arunachal Pradesh, six in Mizoram and 10 in northern West Bengal.

Trade in tiger skin in getting worseWhile the Centre must have control over tiger protection, it is crucial that the state governments step up and take responsibility for the tigers too. Some of the states instead of working on the solution, as mentioned earlier, are harping about the inaccuracies of the report. Wildlife wardens from states like Orissa, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh questioned the efficacy of the camera-trap method used in the latest census. They often give wrong count too.

Let's spread the word that tigers are endangered species in India, sign up for the petition and do our bit. Probably then hope the state governments realise the need of the hour. Its an ironical situation, in South Africa the government has withdrew the ban on killing or poaching elephants. They want to kill elephants because of the rising population, and here, India faces a challenge to save the tiger.

We don't want the living fire of the forest to snuff out forever.


Tiger Safari in Tadoba

India survey finds far fewer tigers in the wild

Threat to a national symbol as India's wild tigers vanish

Project Tiger

Image Source:

Wildlife holidays in India

Poaching of Tigers is rampant in India



By Farangis Najibullah

Tajik officials say an agreement signed last week to bring Turkmen electricity to Tajikistan via Uzbekistan will alleviate the severe power shortages Tajiks face each winter. But many ordinary Tajiks say they do not have high hopes for better conditions this winter, because an earlier, similar energy agreement with Kyrgyzstan was never realized.

At the beginning of October, Tajikistan began a winter schedule for electricity distribution, under which households and offices receive electricity for only two periods a day, in the mornings and evenings, totaling six to eight hours. The authorities have announced that exceptions are made for the main hospitals, government offices, and "strategically important sites."

Gulchehra Dehqonova, a university professor who lives on the outskirts of the northern Tajik city of Khujand, says she cannot properly prepare for her classes because of the shortage of electricity. "As a professor I need to prepare for my lessons. I need to write my lecture and read additional materials for that; I need to watch the news to get up-to-date information before entering the class and facing the auditorium," Dehqonova says. "Under the current circumstances it has become almost impossible."

Ironically, Tajikistan has a greater hydroelectric power capacity than any other country in Central Asia. It reportedly has the potential to produce more than 300 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity per year. Yet Tajikistan is the only country in the region that faces a severe power shortage for more than half the year -- every year -- leaving entire towns and villages without power for long periods and sometimes for several days.

Mirzosharif Isomiddinov, the head of the Tajik parliament's Committee on Energy, Industry, and Communication, says that up to 50 percent of the electricity in Tajikistan is consumed by an aluminum plant. That is the main reason why Tajikistan -- despite its natural energy resources -- cannot provide enough electricity for its people, Isomiddinov said.

Last winter was one of the most difficult; power was cut off even in the city center of the capital, Dushanbe, for weeks. Officials claimed that important engineering work at a power plant, as well as low water levels in major rivers, caused the energy shortage. Tajik officials have promised that the country will have a better situation this winter.

President Emomali Rahmon announced on October 4 that Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan have agreed on the supply and transmission of Turkmen electricity to Tajikistan. According to the new agreement, Tajikistan will import 1.2 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually from Turkmenistan for the next three years.

Many ordinary Tajiks, however, have been very cautious in welcoming the news. There were similar talks last year about importing electricity from Kyrgyzstan through Uzbekistan. Some Tajiks hoped that their long and dark winter nights would finally come to an end with the influx of Kyrgyz electricity. But their dream of a Kyrgyz solution to their energy problem was not realized.

Tajik officials never fully explained to people why the plan was not put into action. There were reports that Uzbekistan did not have the capacity to transmit its neighbors' electrical power in the first place. Lawmaker Isomiddinov says that Turkmenistan definitely generates enough power for export, and that Uzbekistan has started repairing its energy-transmission networks to transfer the Turkmen electricity to Tajikistan.

Besides, Tajikistan is improving its own energy-producing infrastructure, Isomiddinov says. "In December the first block of the Sangtuda-1 hydropower plant will start producing power. It will produce electricity of up to 4 million kilowatt-hours," he says. Another plant, the Yovon power station, "is being renovated and will start producing power in mid-November. The capacity of the Dushanbe power plant is also being expanded."

Tajikistan has several hydropower plants that currently produce some 17 billion kilowatt-hours annually. A large facility is under construction in Roghun, in eastern Tajikistan. At a height of 335 meters, the hydroelectric dam would be the tallest in the world. However, after disagreements between Tajik and Russian investors, little progress is being made at the site.

Two other moderately large plants -- Sangtuda-1 and -2 in the southern part of the country -- are being built with Russian and Iranian financing. Several smaller hydroelectric facilities under construction elsewhere in the country, including in the eastern Pamir and Garm valleys.

Tajik leaders use every opportunity to mention that in the near future, Tajikistan will be exporting electricity to almost all its neighbors. While Tajiks are used to media reports and government speeches about their homeland's vast electricity resources and "bright future," they are still dealing with the prospect of a dark winter with limited electricity supplies.

Conditions are better for their Central Asian neighbors, who have less resources. Kazakhstan has not had trouble with power shortages since 1999. Households in Turkmenistan receive most of their electric power free of charge.

Kyrgyzstan exports electricity to some countries -- including Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan -- and has not experienced severe power shortages in recent years. This year, however, Kyrgyzstan is predicting some difficulties due to the low level of water in the Naryn River, where the Toktogul power station is located.

The situation in Uzbekistan -- especially in rural areas -- is to some extent similar to Tajikistan. Although Tashkent has not introduced a winter electricity-distribution schedule, power is regularly cut off without warning for several hours a day.

As winter approaches, the prices for stoves, coal, and wood have been going up at Tajik markets. Saodat, who sells stoves in a Khujand market, says that people install wood- and coal-burning stoves in high-rise apartments and use them both for heating their flats and cooking food. "There is no electricity, no gas," Saodat says. "This year people have to use stoves even on the ninth and 10th floors. It would be freezing cold there, otherwise."

Many well-to-do Tajiks buy special power generators that produce enough electricity for one household. Those who cannot afford a foreign-made generator usually opt for a homemade device -- ignoring electricians' and fire departments' warnings about safety risks. Long-forgotten oil lamps have returned to Tajik markets once again, and candles -- long used only for romantic dinners -- are back in fashion for a different reason.

People say they are used to getting prepared for the dark and cold winter ahead, and are not holding too much hope that their government leaders will keep their promises and solve the problem for them.

(Farangis Najibullah is an RFE/RL correspondent based in Prague.)



News Release;  March 20, 2007  Tuesday

Hong Kong, China — The Institute of International Education (IIE) celebrated the 40th anniversary of its Hong Kong office with a private reception hosted by U.S. Consul General James B. Cunningham on March 15, 2007.

Many friends and colleagues of IIE and international education shared the special occasion to celebrate the 40th anniversary of our Hong Kong office, as well as to honor two members of the IIE/Hong Kong Advisory Committee: the Reverend Raymond C. Lee, Chairman, Oasis Airlines; and Dr. Rosanna Wong, DBE, JP, Executive Director, Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, for their significant contribution to and support of international education.

Consul General Cunningham noted, "In partnership with the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Consulate General in Hong Kong, IIE's services send an important message to the Hong Kong and South China community that America actively welcomes international students and scholars to come to our country to pursue their educational dreams."

Dr. Allan E. Goodman, IIE's President and Chief Executive Officer, also remarked: "The Institute's office here has been a steady part of Hong Kong's engagement with the world. Begun as a small volunteer operation – initially aided by the Reverend Lee's mother – to help students find scholarships in America, we have touched the lives of many of your leaders in commerce, academia, and public administration." He also added: "I would like to thank all here who serve and have served in our office and in our partnership with the Public Affairs Section [of the U.S. Consulate General]. The American brand of international education is especially about giving people chances and about the diversity of the open doors that our higher education represents." Katherine Fung-Surya, Director of the IIE Hong Kong office, also acknowledged the achievements of past IIE scholarship recipients, who had received awards to study in American universities. Among the several IIE scholarship alumni present was Prof. KC Chan, Dean and Chair Professor of Finance, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology - Business School (1975 scholarship to Wesleyan University), who stressed the importance of liberal arts education and the influence his own experience at Wesleyan had on his own life.

Other highlights of the reception included a musical performance by three talented artists with special ties to the U.S.: violinist Ms. Chui Tan Lee and pianist Ms. Souhon Cheung (both alumnae of the Juilliard School), as well as 10-year-old violinist Ms. Yumi Chan, who is due to begin her studies at the New England Conservatory in Boston this fall.

IIE's office in Hong Kong, established in 1967 with support from the U.S. State Department, has provided Hong Kong students with information about study opportunities in the United States for 40 years. It administers awards, scholarships and training programs for foundations and corporations, as well as providing education advising services to students and advising centers in Macau and throughout mainland China.

For more information, please contact:
Maria Luk, Program Officer
Tel: 2603 5771 ext. 105

Photos of the event

About the Institute of International Education

Founded in 1919 as an independent, non-profit organization, IIE is a trusted resource for educators and institutions worldwide. Its mission is to:

  • promote closer educational relations between the people of the United States and other countries; increase the number of students, scholars and professionals who have the opportunity to study, teach, and conduct research outside of their own country;
  • strengthen and internationalize institutions of higher learning throughout the world;
  • rescue scholars and promote academic freedom around the world;
  • foster sustainable development through training programs in energy, environment, business management, and leadership development;
  • partner with corporations, foundations, and governments in finding and developing people able to think and work on a global basis.
  • Sponsors of IIE's 250 programs worldwide include the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the World Bank, major philanthropic foundations, private and public corporations, several foreign governments, and individuals. Nearly 4,000 men and women from the United States and 14,000 from 175 countries study, conduct research, receive practical training, or provide technical assistance through these programs.

For more information, please visit and


The interaction between community, computers, and society is now being referred to as “social networking” and it’s making a lot of heads turn. What is social networking really, and what does it mean to web technologists?

Most people seek connection. In fact, most people require some kind of need to bond with others. Some of us have a significant need to create community or - at the very least - some kind of shared experience. This has occurred throughout the history of the online world, whether in the form of newsgroups, forums, email lists, chat, instant messaging, and peer-to-peer technologies.

In recent years, some new offerings have been added to the mix, and they are reviving interest in community in fresh ways.

The first social networking website was, which began in 1995. Other sites followed, including, which began in 1997. This form of social networking, widely used in virtual communities, became particularly popular in 2005 and flourished with the advent of a website called MySpace.

In April 2006, joined the trend and emerged as the sophisticated and multi-faceted Indian version of MySpace. There are over 200 social networking sites. The popularity of these sites rapidly grew. And, by 2005 MySpace was getting more page views than Google., targeted towards Indians, focused on personal communication similar to Orkut, Friendster and MySpace. It integrates features of social networking, blogging, polling and photo sharing. User may create a personal web page, share their photos from gallery, maintain a blog, create forums & Groups, profile information, and see which friends are currently online. The service launched on April 29, 2006 and has become available to any web user over the age of 18 in United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and India. [A!]

New findings from Peking Man site


20-06-2005 5:00 pm The results of the latest geological and geophysical surveys conducted at the site of the Peking Man in Zhoukoudian (China) will be presented at the Espace EDF Electra* on Tuesday July 5 (11 a.m.) during a joint UNESCO/EDF scientific conference. The symposium will bring together Yves Coppens, Professor at the Collège de France, Yves Bamberger, Research and Development Director at EDF, Jacques Roudier, Managing Director of the Central Laboratory of the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chausées, and the Director of UNESCO's World Heritage Centre, Francesco Bandarin. Excavations were carried out in the 1920s on the Zhoukoudian site, which lies 42 kilometres southwest of Beijing. Remains of Sinanthropus pekinensis, who lived in the Middle Pleistocene, were discovered there, as were remains of Homo sapiens sapiens dating back as far as 18,000-11,000 B.C. The site is an exceptional reminder of the prehistoric human societies of the Asian continent, and also illustrates the process of evolution. The site was inscribed in UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987.

The Peking Man project was started in 1995 through tripartite cooperation between UNESCO, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the EDF Foundation, under the patronage of Professor Coppens. While seeking to improve the site's management, the joint UNESCO-EDF-Academy of Sciences project principally aims to stimulate scientific cooperation and research.

It is within this framework that the EDF Foundation sent an initial geological and geophysical survey team in 1997, which allowed new cavities to be located. Two other teams followed. The first, in November 2003, put to work new geological survey techniques (ground penetrating radar, tomography, seismic waves) to explore the cavities. The promising findings led EDF to send a second team in November 2004 to take samples with the objective of identifying what was in the caves believed to contain as-yet- unidentified fossils.

*Espace EDF Electra is located at: 6 rue Récamier, 75007 Paris

To receive an invitation, journalists should contact : Pierre Bonthonneau, tel. 01 40 42 51 03, e-mail:

Academic Focus:


Gender politics in Asia

Introduction to the theme

Research and other activities under the Gender Politics in Asia theme focus on the multiple, fluid and complex historical and cultural gender patterns in Asian societies. The aims are to explore, analyze and understand:

  • the gendered effects of social, political and economic changes in Asia
  • change and continuity in gender relations – what kinds of gender relations exist, who is producing these for whom and why
  • the gendered processes by which various aspects of Asian societies are constructed

Gender politics Men and women are constructed as gendered beings and gender is a key dimension of personal life, social relations and culture. Gender is political in the sense that societies are ordered according to certain patterns of appropriate gendered behaviour and gendered power relations. Gender politics comprises the ongoing construction of the social gender relations within which individuals and groups act in all spheres of societies. Many actors are engaged in gender politics. Among these are social movements that challenge the dominant gender order but also the routine functioning of established institutions in which male dominance is embedded in many societies.

Effects of gendered Asian societies Social change influences gender relations and the lives of men and women in various ways according to the way in which their gendered positions intersect with a range of other factors, such as ethnicity, age, education, class, and urban/rural location. Research and other activities in the Gender Politics in Asia theme document and explore the impact of social change, including gendered inequalities, in Asian societies

Gendered processes constructing Asian societies Increasingly studies of gender in Asia are looking beyond the effects and impacts of various developments on women and men and gender relations. Focus is now shifting towards the questions of the nature of gendered processes within Asian societies and the reasons and ways in which these are incorporated into a globalizing world.

Senior researcher in charge (contact)

Cecilia Milwertz


A Historical Review:

JIA, LANPO (1908-2001)
By: Dennis A. Etler, Ph.D.
Cabrillo College, Aptos, California


Professor Jia Lanpo, doyen of Chinese archaeology and one of China's most distinguished pre-historians, passed away on July 8, 2001 at the age of 92 after a short illness. With his passing a golden age in Chinese archaeology comes to an end. Professor Jia, a member of the Academia Sinica since 1980, was a witness to the birth of Chinese archaeology in the 1920s, when as a young man he worked with the luminaries of international archaeology and paleontology at the famous Peking Man site at Choukoutien (Zhoukoudian). After World War II he was instrumental in establishing the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology (later renamed the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology), Academia Sinica in Beijing and was a participant in decades of archaeological research on the Chinese mainland. He was an ardent promoter of international scientific co-operation and a mentor to generations of Chinese pre-historians.

Professor Jia learned the skills of the archaeological enterprise from some of its greatest practitioners, including Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, for whom he served as personal secretary during the time he spent in Beijing, Henri Breuil, Davidson Black, and Franz Weidenreich. In turn, he was the teacher and mentor of many generations of Chinese archaeologists, many of whom returned to their native provinces to lead archaeological field-work and research. He was an indefatigable worker and meticulous scholar, the author of 100s of scientific and popular articles, treatises and books detailing archaeological discoveries in China, spanning over six decades. English titles for which he will be best remembered include Early Man in China and The Story of Peking Man. As an internationally renowned scholar, he introduced the world of Chinese prehistory to countless foreign researchers and helped forge intellectual and institutional links between Chinese and foreign scientists. His contributions led to his election as a foreign associate of the U.S. Academy of Sciences in 1994.


Born on November 25, 1908 (34th year of the Qing dynasty Guang Xu emperor) in Yutian, Hebei Province he graduated from the Huiwen Academy in 1929. In 1931 he entered the Central Institute of the Chinese Geological Survey and began his participation in the excavation of the Peking Man site at Zhoukoudian, where he served first as a trainee, then as a team member and later as a technical assistant and superintendent. In 1937 he was promoted to Research Investigator and in 1945 to full Research Technician. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 he successively assumed the posts of Assistant Research Professor, Research Professor and Academician at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) where he served as Assistant Director of the Institute's Cenozoic Laboratory, Director of its Specimen Preparation Laboratory and Head of the Zhoukoudian Work Station. In addition, he was an Academician of the Archaeological Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and a member of the Geological Bureau of the Biological Section of the Chinese Academy of Natural Sciences. He also served as Assistant Director of the Quaternary Geology and Glaciology Sections of the Chinese Geological Association, Assistant Chairperson of the Board of Directors of the Chinese Archaeological Association, Assistant Director and Secretary of the Chinese Pacific History Association and Member of the Cultural Bureau of the Chinese State Council.


As a young man Jia Lanpo participated in the excavation of the Peking Man site at Zhoukoudian, making major contributions to the recovery of fossil human remains and research of this famous site of early man in China. In 1935 he succeeded Professor Pei Wenzhong as head of excavations at Zhoukoudian. In November 1936 he discovered in succession, three relatively complete crania of Peking Man. During this period he also collaborated with his life-long friend and colleague Bian Meinian (Edward Bien) in the description and analysis of cave and rock-shelter deposits in the southwestern Chinese province of Yunnan. It was a moving experience to witness the reunion of these age-old friends after a separation of over forty years during Professor Jia's first visit to the U.S. in 1987.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Professor Jia continued to lead the work at Zhoukoudian. He organized and led several new excavation efforts that included successive surveys and research studies of the site. During the 1950s and 60s he published many monographs regarding the nature of Peking Man's cultural activities, geological age and living environment, developing the in-depth study and discussion of the Zhoukoudian site. He also analyzed temporal differences in the faunal character of the Zhoukoudian site and maintained that during the several hundred thousand years in which it was occupied north China underwent multiple, successive climatic changes with alternating warm and cold periods. Professor Jia was a firm proponent of the position that Peking Man's physical characteristics and stone tool culture were more advanced than first believed. He was also an advocate of the idea that Peking Man had the ability to use and maintain fire. He thus felt that Peking Man did not represent the earliest stages of human evolution or human culture in China, a position which was subsequently vindicated by new discoveries at Lantian and elsewhere in China. He was likewise prescient in his assertion that the earliest traces of humankind in China should be found in the early Pleistocene Nihewan beds of Hebei province in north central China, a position that was later verified by excavations he helped organize in the 1970s - 1990s.


From the 1950s onwards Jia Lanpo's work was increasingly devoted to areas beyond Zhoukoudian, traversing the entire country. During this time he was most active in investigating areas throughout the north Chinese province of Shanxi, with impressive results. Important excavations and research he conducted or participated in included the following: in 1954 he led excavations at the Dingcun site, in 1959 he led excavations at the Kehe site, during the 1960s and 70s he led successive excavations and research at the Xihoudu and Shiyu cultural sites and the Xujiayao Fossil Man site, all in Shanxi province. This research helped establish the framework for understanding the development of Paleolithic cultures in north China throughout the entire Pleistocene epoch. In 1956 Jia participated in the geological survey of karstic formations in the southeastern Chinese Autonomous Region of Guangxi that led to the first in situ discovery of Gigantopithecus teeth in China, at Heidong (Black Cave) in Daxin county. In 1964 he helped lead the multidisciplinary team that investigated the Cenozoic strata at Lantian in Shaanxi province. During the early 1970s he proposed the theory that there were at least two distinct cultural traditions of long duration represented in North China throughout the Chinese Paleolithic and that the microlithic traditions of China, northeast Asia and North America had their origins in northern China. These ideas were very influential both in China and abroad.



The 1980s and 90s saw Professor Jia enter a new phase of his career, as he became a prime mover behind the opening up of Chinese archaeological research to foreign colleagues. Of particular note was Professor Jia's promotion of the first joint field excavations by Chinese and foreign archaeologists since the 1930s held in the Nihewan basin during the late 1980s and early 1990s. The Nihewan Project, led by Prof. J. Desmond Clark of the University of California, Berkeley on the U.S. side would never have been able to carry out its work had it not been for Professor Jia's ardent support. As Desmond Clark has reminisced, "Professor Jia invited us to visit him and a number of his important Paleolithic sites in northern and central China and encouraged us to work with him and his colleagues from the IVPP at the important Late Pliocene and Pleistocene eastern part of the Nihewan Valley, west/northwest of Beijing. The four seasons we had there produced the stratigraphic context, age and cultural industry from the earliest Paleolithic sites in northern China and during each of these field seasons Professor Jia's visits were the highlight of our field season. His great knowledge of Chinese archaeology was invaluable to our team as we recovered and set about the analysis of the Nihewan Industry. Professor Jia's health was declining after the first season at Nihewan, but he continued to visit us and we have vivid memories of him being transported by sedan chair down the cliffs to visit the sites. The huge enjoyment that Professor Jia obtained from these visits was clearly obvious. He will be greatly missed, not only in China, but in the archaeological world at large".


As he entered his ninth decade, Professor Jia remained an active participant in archaeological research in China. He continued to make inestimable contributions until his recent illness, editing texts and writing prefaces to major Chinese archaeological monographs. Until the end he was an active promoter of scientific exchange between China and foreign countries and an ardent archaeological conservationist and preservationist. His seminal achievements include, supervisor of the Peking Man excavations and conservator of the Zhoukoudian Archives, architect of Palaeolithic Archaeology in China throughout the second half of the 20th century, and a link between the past, present and future of Chinese archaeology. Few can match Professor Jia's breadth of knowledge and scope of intellect. His decades of pioneering research serves as an inspiration for all ages. His devotion to intellectual honesty and a scientific open door need to be not only praised, but emulated. Professor Jia was truly a man for all seasons and a pioneer ahead of his times. His presence and vision will be sorely missed. For those who were fortunate enough to know and work with him, his warm and hearty welcomes to Beijing, his unstinting efforts on our behalf while visiting China and his engaging personality will always be remembered with appreciation and fondness.

According to the Xinhua (New China) news agency, Professor Jia's cremated remains will be placed at Zhoukoudian besides those of Pei Wenzhong, the famous Chinese paleoanthropologist who was the first to discover cranial remains of Peking Man, and Yang Zhongjian, another founder of the country's paleontological and paleoanthropological research. He is survived by four children.




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