First Saudi cultural day set for April 8 at MTSU
MURFREESBORO - The first Saudi Cultural Day, called “Building Bridges,” is scheduled
for April 8. The event will take place in Tennessee Room of the James Union Building from noon to 4 p.m.
According to a press release, the goal of Building Bridges is to enhance cultural awareness and exchange
within the MTSU and Murfreesboro communities.
Participants will have the opportunity to communicate freely and grow in their understanding of other
cultures, especially the Saudi culture. MTSU faculty will participate, and they are encouraging their students to attend this
Patrick Ryan will discuss Saudi history and Saudi-United States relations. Featured will be a photography
gallery of Saudi Arabia and a presentation regarding the status of Saudi women. Attendees will learn about the economics and
foreign investment revolution that took place in Saudi Arabia, and they will be introduced to authentic Saudi food. The event
will conclude with traditional dancing and the art of henna.
The Saudi Students Association, a nonprofit organization, was founded in February this year. The
purpose of this club is to organize, promote and/or support activities that allow exchange of cultural, social and sports
activities between all its members, the campus and the community. The SSA also helps new Saudi students at MTSU and the English
Language School to be comfortable in American culture. In addition, the organization serves the Murfreesboro community. The
SSA release said the organization wants to open its doors for communication and dialogue to have a better understanding of
FOLLOWS COMPLETION OF GOING-PUBLIC
TRANSACTION FOR A QUARTER MILLION ACRES OF WEST AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSETS
NEW YORK and LONDON, April 1, 2011
/PRNewswire/ -- Kryptic Entertainment Inc. has officially changed its name to Farm Lands of Guinea,
Inc. (the "Company" or "FLG"), and will trade from today forward under the new ticker symbol of "FLGI" following its recent
equity offering and share exchange. FLG through its 90%-owned subsidiary, Land & Resources (Guinea)
SA ("Land & Resources"), controls nearly a quarter of a million acres of underutilized West African agricultural holdings
under an agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture of Guinea ("MAG"). Last month FLG
completed a reverse merger transaction to become a publicly-traded company in the U.S., valuing the Company at USD$45
"The name change to Farm Lands of Guinea and our new FLGI symbol are key to our launch into
the U.S. capital markets," said FLG CEO Michael Barton. "We look forward to driving FLG's future
growth and expansion as a public company," Mr. Barton added.
Land & Resources is a development stage agricultural company in the Republic of Guinea
("Guinea"). It intends to engage in acquiring and consolidating farm land and operations
in Guinea and rehabilitating them back into production using modern agricultural techniques
and practices. Land & Resources currently plans to develop 8,815 hectares in the villages of N'Dema and Konindou
to grow maize and soybeans in rotation as a pilot scheme for the development of 98,400 hectares lying to the south and east
Pursuant to the Contract for a Program of Agricultural Development in Guinea dated September 16, 2010 (the "Contract for Development"), MAG has agreed to grant to Land & Resources
99-year leases over two parcels of land in the villages of N'Dema and Konindou of 5,340 and 3,475 hectares respectively to
be developed as agricultural land.
On the same date, Land & Resources and MAG entered into an Option Agreement (the "Option Agreement") pursuant to which
Land & Resources was granted an option to assume a lease of approximately 98,400 hectares (243,151 acres) located in the
village of Saraya in Guinea (the "Option Land").
On October 25, 2010 Land & Resources signed a Protocol d'Accord with MAG (the "Protocol
D'Accord") under which the Company undertook obligations to survey and map additional underutilized land in Guinea
estimated to be up to 1.5 million hectares (3.7 million acres) of combined area and prepare it for third party development
under 99-year leases.
FLG proposes to develop the leased land to grow in rotation, maize and soybeans. Given the rainfall, the temperature
profile and the nature of the soil, it is anticipated that the land when developed will produce about 4 tons of soybeans per
hectare. The rotation will be one year of maize followed by two years of Soya. FLG's program represents a major
breakthrough for the new democratically-elected government of the Republic of Guinea in their
priority plans for food self-sufficiency. The completion of FLG's agricultural activities will result in a multi-million
dollar inward investment into the Republic of Guinea.
Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
This press release contains forward-looking statements made under the "safe harbor" provisions of the U.S. Private Securities
Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward looking statements are based upon the current plans, estimates and projections of Resource
Acquisition's management and are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ from the forward
Such statements include, among others, those concerning market and industry segment growth and demand and acceptance of
new and existing products; any projections of sales, earnings, revenue, margins or other financial items; any statements of
the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements regarding future economic conditions
or performance; uncertainties related to conducting business in Guinea, as well as all assumptions,
expectations, predictions, intentions or beliefs about future events.
Therefore, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The following factors, among others,
could cause actual results to differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements: business conditions in Guinea, general economic conditions; geopolitical events and regulatory changes, availability of
capital, the Company's ability to maintain its competitive position and dependence on key management.
This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security and shall not
constitute an offer, solicitation or sale of any securities in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale
would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of such jurisdiction.
Michael Barton, CEO
Farm Lands of Guinea,
+44 1257 480597
Dan McClory, Managing Director
Hunter Wise Financial Group, LLC
+1 949 732 4102
SOURCE Farm Lands of Guinea, Inc.Back to top
Global "Art Buzz" Bazaar Coming April 8th to EXPO Study Abroad
A one-day only art show and study abroad
festival presented by EXPO Study Abroad and the DC Arts and Humanities Education Collaborative
WHO: EXPO Study Abroad (http://www.expo-studyabroad.com/en/) and the DC Arts and Humanities Education Collaborative (http://www.dccollaborative.org/) are pleased to announce the Global "Art Buzz" Bazaar taking place at the EXPO Study Abroad this April. This
free one-day art show features the work of 15 international artists who now call Washington, D.C. home. The art show will
take place during the EXPO Study Abroad on April 8th from 3 to 8 p.m. at the Washington Center of the University
WHAT: EXPO Study
Abroad is a free fair where students and young professionals can learn about various study abroad options and have the opportunity
to explore reputable study, work and volunteer abroad programs located in more than 30 different countries. The
fair will also feature fifteen recognized DC-based artists who hail from across the globe. Each artist will show their work
during the EXPO Study Abroad at the Global "Art Buzz" Bazaar and the art will be for sale for one-day only.
WHEN: Thursday, April 8th
3 to 8 p.m. EXPO
6 to 8 p.m. "Meet-and-Greet with the Artists"
WHERE: University of California - Washington Center (1st floor)
1608 Rhode Island Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
WHY: The DC Arts and Humanities Education Collaborative
has coordinated the Art Buzz series since 2007. The Global "Art Buzz" Bazaar is the Collaborative’s eighth Art Buzz
event and is designed to ensure that underserved DC public school students benefit
from the region’s rich array of arts amenities. The Global "Art Buzz" Bazaar artists will bring together
15 artists to share their cross-cultural connections with attendees and students through the EXPO Study Abroad. Participating
artists at the Global “Art Buzz” Bazaar include:
Tai Hwa Goh, http://www.taihwagoh.com/ Korea
Joan Belmar http://www.joanbelmar.com/ Chile
Fabián H. Ríos Rubino http://www.fabianhriosrubino.com Argentina
Pilar Jiminez http://www.pilarjimenez.com/index1.htm Colombia
Breeze Giannasio http://www.photoshelter.com/c/breezegiannasio America
Brittany Watson http://thehousethatlarsbuilt.blogspot.com/ Denmark
Joshua Cogan http://www.joshuacogan.com/ America
Nicole Wolf http://nicolewolf.wordpress.com/ Canada
Amber Robles Gordon http://amberroblesgordon.com/ Puerto Rico
Nataliya Andreyeva http://www.natyartist.com/contact.html Ukraine
Juan Rojo http://juanrojo.carbonmade.com/ Spain
Jackie Hoysted http://www.jackiehoysted.com/ Ireland
Luba Sterlikova http://www.lubasterlikovaart.com/ Russia
Liliane Blom http://www.lilianeblom.com/ France/Norway
Zakhar Sasim http://www.turbopolis.com/index.html Russia
HOW: The EXPO Study Abroad and "Meet-and-Greet”
with the Global Art Buzz Bazaar Artists are free events. Individuals may register for the EXPO at http://www.expo-studyabroad.com/en/expousa/. A special “Meet and Greet” with the artists will take place from 6 to 8 p.m. to close the show at the University
of California - Washington Center.
Artists work featured above: Joan Belmar,
Amber Robles Gordon, Jackie Hoysted.
High resolution images available upon
Chlopak, Leonard, Schechter & Associates
1850 M. Street, NW Suite 800
Washington, D.C. 20036
AMERICANS STUDY ABROAD IN INCREASING NUMBERS
study by U.S. students is up 8.5% and has increased four-fold in past two decades
American students increasingly
heading to less traditional places:
Strong rise in China, India, Japan, South Africa, Argentina as destinations
WASHINGTON D.C., November 16, 2009 - A record number of U.S. students are choosing to study abroad, reflecting
a strong commitment to the value of an international academic experience to prepare them to live and work in a more global
society. Open Doors 2009 reports the number of Americans studying abroad increased by 8.5% to 262,416 in the 2007/08 academic
year. This latest increase builds on decades of steady growth, with four times as many U.S. students participating in study
abroad in 2007/08 than in 1987/88. Open Doors 2009 is published annually by the Institute of International Education with
funding from the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. These findings will be discussed at
a briefing today at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, in conjunction with the nationwide observance of International
Education Week. (See www.opendoors.iienetwork.org for additional statistics and analysis from Open Doors 2009).
Doors 2009 reports that the number of students going to nearly all of the top twenty-five destinations increased, with particularly
strong rises seen in students going to less traditional destinations for study abroad. Notable increases among leading destinations
were in the numbers students going to China, Ireland, Austria and India (up about 20%), as well as Costa Rica, Japan, Argentina
and South Africa (up nearly15% each). While this data reflects academic year 2007/08, prior to the economic downturn, it is
likely that trends toward less expensive destinations and shorter stays will continue, reflecting the effects of the economy.
Anecdotally, student interest in study abroad has remained high in the past year despite financial challenges that might keep
some from participating, and campus leaders have expressed an interest in trying to make sure that international opportunities
remain available. Many are placing an emphasis on sustaining financial assistance for study abroad.
than ever before, study abroad can help our students to understand our interconnected world and to participate productively
in the global economy,” said Judith A. McHale, Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. “The
State Department strongly supports study abroad through such programs as the Fulbright Program, which is sending its largest
number ever of U.S. students abroad this year, and the Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship Program -- which in two
years has doubled the number of U.S. undergraduates with financial need whom we support for study abroad. I congratulate all
the U.S. students who are taking advantage of these and other opportunities to study abroad.”
Allan E. Goodman,
President and CEO of the Institute of International Education, noted that the experiences afforded through study abroad provide
American students with the skills needed to live in today’s increasingly inter-connected world. “More students
are eager to study in newly popular study abroad destinations such as China, India, and the Middle East. The language and
cultural skills they acquire along with their academic experience will have a profound effect on their lives and careers.”
According to Dr. Goodman, it is important for colleges and universities to make it possible for students from diverse backgrounds
and in diverse fields to take advantage of study abroad opportunities.
While the four countries that are perennial
leaders in hosting U.S. students – United Kingdom, Italy, Spain and France -- are in Western Europe, Open Doors reports
that fifteen of the top 25 destinations are outside of Western Europe and nineteen are countries where English is not the
primary language. In 2007/08, students electing to study in Africa increased by 18%, those going to Asia increased by 17%,
and those going to Latin America increased by 11%. This growth is fueled in part by new program opportunities, strategic partnerships
between higher education institutions in the United States and abroad, and a range of fields and program durations that have
expanded to accommodate the needs of an increasingly diverse study abroad population.
About 40% of students studying
abroad do so through mid-length programs, while 56% of U.S. students choose short-term programs (including summer, January
term and any program of 2 to 8 weeks during the academic year). Short-term programs serve the largest number of Americans
studying abroad, including community college students and others whose financial or academic needs preclude a longer stay;
68% of students at Associates Degree granting institutions who studied abroad did so for 8 weeks or less. Mid-length programs
(one semester, one quarter or two quarters) allow for deeper immersion into host cultures and increased opportunity for language
acquisition. A little more than 4% of study abroad students spend a full academic or calendar year abroad.
continued to host the largest share of U.S. students (56%), while Latin America hosted 15% of all Americans studying abroad,
Asia hosted 11%, Oceania (Australia, New Zealand and South Pacific Islands) hosted 5%, and Africa hosted 5%. The number of
American students studying in the Middle East increased by 22%, though the region is host to a little more than 1% of the
total number of students studying abroad. The report shows the number of U.S. students rising dramatically in such countries
as Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar, although the total numbers are still very low. Israel still
hosts the largest number of students in the region by far, with a 4% increase over the previous year. About 6% of students
study abroad in more than one destination during the same study abroad experience. While numbers headed to Europe rose from
138,871 to 147,676, this represents a smaller proportion of students than in prior years, with the European share of U.S.
study abroad students declining over the past decade.
Of the top 25 leading destinations for U.S. study abroad only
five did not experience an increase in the number of American students. The United Kingdom was once again the most popular
destination, with a total of 33,333 students (an increase of 2%). Italy is second, with a strong 10% increase to 30,670 students;
followed by #3 Spain (25,212 up 5%), #4 France (17,336, up 0.6%), and #5 China (13,165, up 19%). Other destinations in the
top 25 were: #6 Australia (11,042, up 3%), #7 Mexico (9,928, up 5%), #8 Germany (8,253, up 12%), #9 Ireland (6,881, up 19%),
#10 Costa Rica (6,096, up 13 %), #11 Japan (5,710, up 14%), #12 Argentina (4,109 up 14%), #13 Greece (3,847, up 13%), #14
South Africa (3,700, up 15%), #15 Czech Republic (3,417, up 9%), #16 Austria (3,356, up 19%), #17 India (3,146 up 20%), #18
Ecuador (2,814, no change) #19, Chile (2,739 down 3%), #20 Brazil (2,723 up 8%), #21 New Zealand (2,629, down 3%), #22 Israel
(2,322 up 4%), #23 Netherlands (2,038, down 5%), #24 Switzerland (1,942, up 10%), and #25 Russia (1,857, up 8%).
York University remained the leading sending institution, reporting that it gave academic credit for study abroad to 3,395
of its students, followed by Michigan State University (2,969), University of Minnesota – Twin Cities (2,521), University
of Texas – Austin (2,342), University of California – Los Angeles (2,330), University of Wisconsin – Madison
(2,216), University of Washington (2,124), Penn State – University Park (2,101), University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign
(2,086), and University of Georgia (2,058). Open Doors 2009 reports that 53 U.S. campuses, primarily large research institutions,
awarded academic credit for study abroad last year to more than 1,000 of their students.
While large institutions
dominate in terms of absolute numbers of their students going abroad, many smaller institutions send a higher proportion of
their students abroad. Open Doors 2009 data on study abroad participation rates show 23 institutions that reported sending
more than 80% of their students abroad at some point during their undergraduate careers. These institutions are (in alphabetical
order): Antioch College, Arcadia University, Austin College, Berea College, Carleton College, Centre College, DePauw University,
Earlham College, Elon University, Goucher College, Hamline University, Hartwick College, Kalamazoo College, Lee University,
Lewis and Clark College, Oberlin College, Pepperdine University, Saint Olaf College, Taylor University, Transylvania University,
University of Dallas, Warren Wilson College, and Wofford College.
According to Open Doors 2009, the leading fields
of study of Americans studying abroad are the social sciences (21.5% of those studying abroad), business and management (20%),
humanities (13%), fine or applied arts (8%), physical/life sciences (7%), foreign languages (6%), health sciences (4.5%),
education (4%), engineering (3%), math/computer science (2%) and agriculture (1%).
The study abroad data in Open Doors
2009 reflect study conducted abroad in academic year 2007/08 (including summer 2008). Campus administrators responding to
the Open Doors 2009 survey provide data on the number of study abroad students to whom they have awarded credit after completion
of study abroad, so the data provided in academic year 2008/09 relates to study abroad in 2007/08 and is the most recent available.
IIE provides a web-based resource, www.StudyAbroadFunding.org, to help students find scholarships and grants to help support their overseas studies. An interactive website,
IIE Passport (www.iiepassport.org), helps students find the study abroad program that best fits their academic needs. IIE Passport contains more
than 9,000 study abroad and learning travel opportunities worldwide for participants of all ages, searchable by country, field
of study, language, academic level, world area, city, organization, duration, and type of program. The program listings are
also published in two annual print directories: IIE Passport: Academic Year Abroad and IIEPassport: Short Term Study
Abroad, available from www.iiebooks.org. In addition, the IIENetwork offers resources and an online community for international educators (www.iienetwork.org), with a "Best Practices" section featuring Study Abroad and other internationalization programs that have won
IIE's Andrew Heiskell Awards for Innovation in International Education.
# # #
The Open Doors report is published by the Institute of International Education, the leading
not-for-profit educational and cultural exchange organization in the United States. IIE has conducted an annual statistical
survey of the international students in the United States since 1919, and with support from the U.S. Department of State's
Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs since the early 1970s. The census is based on a survey of approximately 3,000 accredited
U.S. institutions. Open Doors also reports on surveys on international scholars at U.S. universities; international students
enrolled in pre-academic Intensive English Programs; and on U.S. students studying abroad (since 1985). A full press kit and
further details on the Open Doors 2009 surveys and their findings can be accessed on www.opendoors.iienetwork.org, and the full 128 page report can be ordered for $64.95 from IIE Books at www.iiebooks.org.
The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the U.S. Department of State manages a wide range of academic,
professional, and cultural exchanges that include approximately 40,000 participants annually, with the goal of increasing
mutual understanding and respect between the people of the United States and the people of other countries. ECA manages the
EducationUSA network of advising offices (http://educationusa.state.gov/) for students around the world who wish to study in the United States. For more information on the Department of State’s
educational and cultural exchange activities, visit www.exchanges.state.gov.
Joint Programme “Minorities in Russia: Developing Languages, Culture, Media and
A Call for proposals
The Council of Europe and the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation are organising a Call for proposals
in the framework of a Joint Programme on “Minorities in Russia: Developing Languages, Culture, Media and Civil Society”
between the Council of Europe, the European Commission and the Russian Federation.
The overall objective of the Joint Programme is to promote Russia’s ethnic and national minorities and a better
recognition of their specific integrity as regards culture, education, languages media and civil society. Its specific
objectives are to enhance the legal framework related to the ethnic and national minorities in the light of the Council
of Europe standards for better recognition of their integrity and support the presence and contribute to a better expression
of ethnic minorities in the field of culture, education and media, in particular in pilot regions of the Russian Federation
(Altai krai, Republic of Dagestan, Republic of Mordovia) and in other regions (in particular Krasnoyarsk krai and the Republic
of Karelia). This includes supporting the cultural expressions of national minorities, the education of national minorities
in their languages or the teaching of their languages, encouraging the adequate expression of national minorities through
media, and supporting/building capacity for NGOs concerned with the protection of cultures and languages of national minorities.
The aim of the Call for proposals is to contribute to the objectives of the Joint Programme by identifying, supporting
and promoting the best initiatives of the civil society and regional/local authorities, regarding national and regional minorities’
rights in the field of culture, media, education and civil society development.
The Priorities of the Call for proposals are to (1) enhance expression of national minorities through media, (2)
develop education of national minorities in their languages or the teaching of their languages, (3) promote cultural expression
of national minorities, and (4) develop civil society initiatives.
Regional or minority languages should be the cross cutting element within the above mentioned areas in the proposed
projects. The content of activities should contribute to discussions and co-operation in the promotion of inter-ethnic relations,
minority integrity, intercultural dialogue, and overcoming intolerance, discrimination, xenophobia, stereotypes and prejudices.
The eligible applicants are Russian non-governmental organisations, including professional associations dealing
with the national minorities’ issues; regional/local authorities; media specialized in minorities’ issues; educational,
academic and cultural establishments. Applicants must be legally registered in the Russian Federation.
The overall indicative amount made available under this Call for proposals is EUR 900,000. Any grant
awarded under this Call for proposals must fall between a minimum amount of EUR 30,000 and a maximum amount of EUR
40,000. Up to 30 projects will be selected and are to be implemented betweeen 1 June 2010 and 31 August 2011.
Time table and deadlines: the duration of each project is not more than 12 months. The deadline of the Call for
proposals is 31 January 2010.
For more information in Russian and English, please see www.coe.ru, www.delrus.ec.europa.eu and www.minregion.ru
" After four or more years of studying and living in Australia you no doubt have accumulated a lot of stuff. Not only books but clothes,
linen, kitchen goods and other home goods. "
) January 8, 2010 -- After four or more years of studying and living in Australia you no doubt have accumulated
a lot of stuff. Not only books but clothes, linen, kitchen goods and other home goods - so how are you going to get all that
back home? Megatop Cargo is here to help as they offer discounted freight for international students. Forget about selling
all your goods and take them home with you at a reasonable price.
Megatop Cargo is currently offering a special on
all their international student freight services, so if you’re about to finish you studies and are heading home the
keep reading. For as little as $1 per kilo you can freight forward all your things. No matter where you call home - Africa,
Europe, Canada, Middle East, United Kingdom or America - Megatop Cargo will be able to help you through their international
student freight forwarding specials.
This special on international student freight forwarding also includes free boxes,
but you may also be interested in the following services and information:cars under 10000
, Nexus One VS iPhone 3GS
- Security packing services available
- Megatop Cargo guarantee to bean any genuine quote by 10%
- This special
on international student freight is for a limited time only, so BOOK EARLY and take advantage of these very special rates
So if you’re an international student who needs help with returning your freight home then call Megatop Cargo
Ph: 1800 816 761
and ask for Mark or Grace. Alternatively you can check
out the special international student freight rates on their website at www.megatop.com.au. International Student Freight
, Shipping Goods
, Excess Baggage
, Overseas freight
(openPR) - Porous Materials, Inc. (PMI) is happy to announce the dates for it's first Short Course for the new year.
The course, titled "Pore Structure Characterization; Theory & Practice", will be held during the week of May 11-13, 2010.
PMI Short Course brings together our experts in pore structure and characterization, as well as technical specialists from
industries, research laboratories and universities, for three days of intensive lectures, discussions, and hands-on practice.
The material presented addresses the theory and application of methods for determining pore structure and distribution in
a wide variety of materials.
Attendees learn the basics and catch up on the latest advances in porosity characterization
techniques. Our Short Course schedule will include plenty of time for one-on-one discussions with PMI's technical staff. Each
day of the course is filled with fun and education, as on Monday and Friday, we offer tours of Ithaca attractions to the course
attendees, taking them to local waterfalls & wineries, and offering a walking tour of Cornell University campus. We end
each day with dinner at one of our fine local restaurants, which offer a variety of cuisines for everyone.
information, please visit the Short Course section of the PMI website. www.pmiapp.com/shortcourse
Dr. Krishna Gupta founded Porous Materials, Inc. in 1978 for the development and manufacturing of sophisticated and
fully automated porosimeters for characterization of pore volume of porous materials.
Since then the company has grown
considerably. PMI currently holds many US and international patents on novel technology for characterization of pore structure,
has six product lines (Porometers, Permeameters, Intrusion Porosimeters, Extrusion Porosimeters, BET/Sorptometers, and Pycnometers),
manufactures over thirty different instruments and many custom instruments, houses a contract testing laboratory with an international
reputation, and has a consulting group that takes pride in finding solutions to the porosity problems of companies.
20 Dutch Mill Rd
Ithaca, NY 14850
Historical ecologies to create a more sustainable community.
LOS ANGELES - (Business Wire) The principal government of Miyi County in Sichuan Province, China, just north of Kunming,
has started construction on the first phase of a 330-hectare (1.3 square miles) new-town designed by SWA Group’s Los
Angeles office utilizing historical ecologies as well as technology innovation to create a more sustainable community.
One of the largest of many city design competitions won by SWA, the Anning River new-town will include higher-density housing
and commercial areas as well as preserved agricultural practices, parks and recreation zones. When complete, the new South
Miyi County, also known as New South Town, would be home to up to 100,000 people via new construction of 2.3 million square
meters of building area and 20,000 units of housing. North Miyi is already home to 500,000 people.
The first-phase construction on a 90 hectare area, which commenced in mid December 2009, includes outdoor programming for
riverfront parks, pedestrian paths along existing irrigation canals, valley trails and a comprehensive approach to water quality.
As a part of this initial phase, SWA hired Studio Shift Architects of Los Angeles to design an 18,000 square-meter museum
structure, a 23,000 square-meter aquatic center, a 10,000 square-meter recreation center and 2,200 square-meter landmark observation
tower providing views of the area and information on its history and natural resources.
“At South Miyi, we’re incorporating historic ecologies into the fabric of the new town, looking closely at
the existing drainage patterns, soil composition, vegetation and habitat to further enhance these systems while still allowing
flexibility for future development,” said SWA Principal Gerdo Aquino. “The approach really investigates the notion
of landscape as infrastructure and seeks to combine ecological systems and sustainable development into compelling landscapes
of varying design, programming and complexity.”
Among the project’s more innovative components is its water-quality improvement with one of the largest construction
efforts of its kind using sedimentation basins, wetlands and natural water-filtration systems. Beginning at the northern end
of the new town and terminating at its southern end, this gravity-fed, water quality landscape will transform the contaminated
river, which has high levels of suspended solids, into a rehabilitated water resource suitable for boating and swimming.
Thousands of strips of bio-film will be inserted into ponds and marshes to jump-start the filtering process of naturally-occurring
wetlands. The water passes through these films of living matter and cleanses out impurities even as it encourages growth of
other plants that continue the process. BioMatrix Water of Moray, Scotland, pioneered the bio-film technology, says Galen
Fulford of Ecovillage Institute and lead water quality engineer on the Anning River project.
“The BioMatrix approach to water quality doesn’t try to supplant the functionality or habitat creation of naturally
occurring wetlands, rather it serves to enhance these systems while replacing higher maintenance solutions such as gravel
filtration, and reduces the need for water-treatment plants,” said Aquino. He expects to see more and more such systems
augmented by biofilm around the world, dramatically reducing the need for treatment plants.
A dam being completed just north of the project boundary will bring abundant hydroelectric power, better flood control
and thus spur economic development. The construction of the dam gave rise for the need to plan for South Miyi’s growth,
and the regional government with assistance from SWA made it a priority to integrate growth with existing agriculture and
the irrigation canals that have sustained the practice for hundreds of years.
“The local government wants to plan and manage Miyi County’s growth, but also respect the cultural heritage
of farming and connection to nature,” he said.
“Cities of the 21st century are struggling to connect with their history, and the opportunity we are capturing in
South Miyi County is to reconnect and formalize its agricultural-environmental-urban balance and avoid the mistakes of cities
that were blind to the economic and ecological significance river valleys can have on the identity of a city,” said
The associated dam project will first create renewable electric energy, then secondly direct the water through a 200-meter
outfall channel to allow the heated water a chance to cool down to an ambient temperature suitable for re-entering the Anning
River downstream. At 80 meters wide, the outfall channel is large and visually onerous. The proposed design integrates a dynamic
boardwalk system over a portion of the channel to include sections of ramp that can allow visitors a close up view of the
turbulent water as it makes its way back to the river.
Arup engineers are collaborating with SWA to address issues of flooding, storm water diversion strategies, water quality
and levee engineering as well as providing engineering input on an SWA-designed bridge connecting the old and new towns. SWA
Group is also working in conjunction with China-based design institute Tongji Urban Planning and Design on detailed controlled
planning and design documents.
SWA Group (www.swagroup.com), established in 1957, is an international landscape architecture, planning and urban design firm. SWA has offices in Sausalito,
CA, Los Angeles, Laguna Beach, CA, San Francisco, Dallas, Houston, Shanghai and the United Arab Emirates. Since its inception,
SWA Group has worked in over 60 countries, and its projects have garnered more than 600 awards.
Ron Heckmann, 510-652-5800
Widgets and Their International Students / Scholars Significance.
The Next Step in Fast Communications over the InterNet
America's Sensual Revolution:
Models as Ethnological Icons in Intercultural Communications Essay
Models and Fashions represents style expectations, the cultural conformity of society, the creative human drive, the will
of each community member of society to come to terms of its visual sense of its spiritual aspirations, and the application
by the designers to new innovative fabric technologies. Each within itself further represents a qualitive function of human creative, or traditional behaviorisms which one or an
organized body of a society, or culture can communicate its purpose ( Those which are ethnological based within its history. )in vivid exposure fashionings of what either its traditionals/vintage, or new innovation styling trends.
International Students / Scholars attending various global institutions of learning fully acknowledges this aspect of human
human behaviorism. Thus their campus related associations and sponsored focus ethnic fashions events which demonstrates each
members global cultural uniqueness. A real treasure of valued intercultural resources. Here during the early 10970s to the late 80s these
elements have had sufficient strengths of observable cultural academic uniqueness in which cultural forms of traditional and
innovative dress stylings are crucial aspects to InterCultural Communications. Thus at academic institutions such as the State University of New York @ Buffalo, University of Buffalo a new academic disipline
emerged which focused upon additional study on other aspects of cultural dynamics in which encompass a greater field of human
behavioral knowledge. When such efforts of Students / Scholars behaviorisms are communicated to the overall campus community
by fashions shows or exhibits followed up by seminars between two or more national or ethnically enriched societies or culture
the methodologies applied becomes International InterCultural Communications. The single accomblishment of participating International attending Students / Scholars sponsored events is the foundation
base --- historically --- of all contemporary International form of present InterCultural Communicaions.
Where modeling enters the topic.
The human behavior of how one presents oneself is the crucial aspect of being a model. The formin which ones human frame
moves from one position to another in careful rehearsed choregraphic positionings are critical effective allows the photographer
an economy of the film being exposed and the time in which to complete all the planned objectives in a photo shoot.
These elements are cultural significant in how it set the visual atmosphere, at times now called ' eye candy ' of the photo
shoot and the models - photographer's clients interests to increase their sales or community promotional efforts. The models
actual circumstance of visual healthy roles and posturing, or designs affects denotes the value of the model - photographers
A 1940s Traditional Pin Up
U.S. Must Move Ahead on Democracy Promotion
WASHINGTON, Feb 25—The Obama administration faces pressure to pull back U.S. democracy promotion efforts, given the
Bush’s administration’s legacy and increasing talk of a global “democratic recession.” However, as
leading democracy expert Thomas Carothers argues in two new Carnegie publications, the United States can and should remain
an active supporter of democracy abroad. By building a new approach to democracy promotion around the new president’s
cardinal values—non-confrontational, measured, cooperative, and empowering—the United States can regain its place
as a respected, trusted, and influential ally of democracy around the world.
Carothers asserts that while a careful post-Bush process of repair and recovery on democracy policy is in order, the idea
that President Obama should embrace a broad, realist corrective is a mistake. The key to finding a positive new way forward
is changing how the United States supports democracy abroad rather than what emphasis to place on it relative
to other interests. Key elements of President Obama’s political style and philosophy translate naturally into useful
Carothers offers a wide-ranging assessment of the state of democracy in the world, finding that despite setbacks in the
troubled regions of the Middle East and former Soviet Union, democracy has not experienced a global retreat this decade. Good
news on democratization, though often less visible, has occurred in roughly equal proportion to bad news, and considerable
continuity exists in many places. By taking on this more balanced perspective, the Obama administration can ensure that unnecessary
pessimism does not hinder important U.S. support for democracy around the world.
- Thomas Carothers is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment. A leading authority on democratization and democracy promotion,
he has researched and worked on democracy-building programs around the world for 20 years with many U.S., European, and international
March 5, 2009 Carothers gave a presentation at Cornell University Bio-Tech Building about his view points of Obama's
present historic opportunities which surrounds this subject. He did not offer anything new, as to present understanding
concerning the overall subject,however, but presented an idealic picture in which the Carnegie Endowment For International
Peace will attempt to influence the Obama administration.
Mr. Roger M. Christian
|Clcik on for larger photo.
Dare to be Digital 2008
Press Release PROVIDED BY GAMES PRESS Media release Wednesday
The winners of the UK’s premier computer games design competition, who are also nominees for a unique BAFTA for new
talent, have been announced at an awards ceremony in Edinburgh.
Dare to be Digital, praised by BAFTA as the ‘perfect pathway’ for young talent in the games industry, held
its 2008 Awards Ceremony at the Edinburgh International Exhibition Centre at the culmination of the Edinburgh Interactive
The three prizes went to: Blue Skies (Abertay University Dundee) for their game ‘Origamee’, Ctrl_D (Peking
University) for ‘VegeMe’ and Dark Matter Design (Wolverhampton University) for ‘Boro-Toro’.
Each team takes home £2,500 and a BAFTA nomination for the BAFTA ‘Ones to Watch’ award which will be awarded
in March next year.
Origamee is set in a 3D pop-up story book themed world incorporating traditional adventure style puzzle solving. Environmental
issues such as recycling and pollution are raised subtlety throughout the game.
Boro-Toro is a side scrolling platform puzzle game which uses an innovative control system using Wii technology.
VegeMe allows the player to grow and style their own world in a race against their opponent
Organised and promoted by the University of Abertay Dundee in association with Channel 4, Dare to be Digital this year
saw 17 five-strong teams of students haling from Birmingham to Beijing spending the last 10 weeks in host centres across the
Six teams were based at Abertay University (including teams from India and China), four were based at Brighton, three at
London, two in Birmingham, and two in Dublin. In conditions as close to real commercial games production as possible, they
have been working around the clock to develop fully-functioning prototypes of their game ideas.
Earlier this week, the teams went head to head in a unique public showcase, Dare ProtoPlay, staged as part of the Edinburgh
Interactive Festival. Over three days around 3000 visitors attended the event, trying out the new games and voting for their
In addition to the public vote, the teams were also put under the unforgiving scrutiny of a panel of junior judges –
aged 6-13 years old.
Contrived (Edinburgh University) were the team to receive the most public votes, for their game Grav, they won the Audience
Award sponsored by Microsoft and a prize of £1500. Grav is set in a ‘retro-futuristic’ environment where robots
are your enemies and your surroundings are your best friend.
A panel of seventeen judges, made up of representatives from fifteen different companies including Sony, Babel Media, Channel
4 and Sport Interactive, then had the task of picking the three winners based on creativity and innovation, use of technology
and market potential.
This is the ninth year of Dare to be Digital, which originated at Abertay University.
Professor Bernard King CBE, Principal of Abertay said: “As the originators and organisers of Dare to be Digital,
Abertay University is extremely proud to be working with all the sponsors and supporters of Dare in promoting the talents,
skills and creativity that contribute directly to the success of the computer games sector both in Scotland and across the
UK and Ireland. This includes the other universities who joined with Abertay this year to run hosting centres across the UK
and Ireland. They are: Birmingham City University, Brighton University, Goldsmiths, University of London and Trinity College
“It’s success is demonstrated by the very high proportion of previous contestants who have been hired by a
whole range of companies such as Electronic Arts, Rare, Denki, Realtime Worlds and Lionhead; others have even set up their
own games development companies, and during this year’s contest we were delighted to note the first commercial launch
of a game developed in Dare to be Digital.”
Minister for Europe, External Affairs and Culture Linda Fabiani said: “The Scottish Government is delighted to provide
support of £56,800 to Dare to be Digital which brings the world’s leading games design competition to Scotland showcasing
our top class academic institutions and successful games industry. Through Fresh Talent we are committed to attracting and
retaining talented international students and Dare provides a great opportunity for these cutting edge experts to see the
benefits of studying and living in Scotland”.
Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning Fiona Hyslop said: “I’m delighted to see young Scots
competing at an international level and collaborating with students from around the world. Dare to be Digital demonstrates
the excellent learning environment that Scotland offers to the growing number of international students choosing to come and
study in Dundee and throughout Scotland.”
Richard Leinfellner CEO of BabelMedia who chaired the judging panel said: “As chairman of the judging panel it is
my pleasure to relay that the panel of game industry experts felt the overall standard of this year’s entries exceeded
all their expectation both in terms of breadth of subject matter and overall game quality.
“In a climate of spiralling costs and product slippages Dare consistently manages to highlight what is achievable
by the best new talent looking to enter the games business in just 10 weeks.”
Ray Maguire, UK Managing Director of Sony Computer Entertainment and judging panel member said: "Once again, Dare has revealed
some true talent. The quality is the best we have ever seen and it is possible to see some of these prototypes becoming commercial.
We are delighted to be involved again this year and look forward to revealing the winner of the BAFTA Ones to Watch Award
at the British Academy Video Games Awards on in March 2009"
London sweeps awards and emerges clear winner as 'European city of the future'
London has swept the board and emerged as this year’s number one European location in
fDi magazine’s 2008 Cities of the Future shortlist, published by the Financial Times.
Cities and regions were asked to provide information in areas such as economic potential, volume and number of investment
London scored top marks in the following categories:
- Top 50 European cities overall: London
- Top 25 Most attractive for FDI: London
- Top 10 Major European Cities: London
- Top 10 Most Business Friendly: London
- Top 10 Best quality of life: London and
- Top 10 Best Infrastructure: London.
Commenting on the results, Michael Charlton, Chief Executive of Think London, the foreign direct investment agency for
London said: “ This is fantastic news for London. We continue to be the number one European destination for foreign
direct investment for businesses looking to globalise and this is thanks to key strengths including our top ranking infrastructure
and business environment. On top of these individual achievements, we have claimed the biggest prize too - top European City
overall - something we can be truly proud of.”
Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone said: "London is the international city of the world not only in terms of the business it
conducts but also with more nationalities in the capital than any other place on the planet. It is a city that has moved ahead
of all others because it has embraced globalisation and is again now opening itself up to the rapidly growing market economies
of China and India. It is a city that is on the cutting edge of international technology, finance and business with the greatest
choice and life styles available to its citizens of anywhere on earth. At the same time its Climate Change Action Plan is
internationally recognised as one of the most advanced in any city in the world.
“In short London is leading the world in terms of the key trends at the beginning of the 21st century. This is reflected
by this and other surveys that show why internationally London is held in such high regard.”
Think London has a proven track record of helping overseas businesses set up, succeed and grow in the capital, and has
helped more than 1,000 companies from 43 countries since 1994.
MORE AUSTRALIAN STUDENTS AND SCHOLARS BOUND FOR EUROPE
More Australian students and scholars are enjoying study, teaching and research opportunities in the European Union thanks
to the European Commission's Erasmus Mundus program.
For the 2008/2009 academic year, 24 Australian students and 25 Australian scholars have been selected to participate in
the Erasmus Mundus Scheme.
Erasmus Mundus is a global scheme which aims to enhance the quality of European higher education through continuous worldwide
dialogue and cooperation with third countries. It supports the international mobility of scholars and students, through offering
scholarships to students to study, and scholars to teach in, selected European Masters Programs. Currently there are 103 Masters
Courses to choose from, ranging across all academic disciplines. Australian Institutions are partners in 13 of these courses.
Students have been awarded more than A$34,500 per academic year for a maximum of two years, and scholars have been awarded
more than A$21,300 for a maximum period of three months
Ambassador and Head of Delegation of the European Commission to Australia and New Zealand, Bruno Julien, congratulated
all scholarship recipients and said Erasmus Mundus is the opportunity of a lifetime for students and scholars alike to lean
more about European cultures, languages and academic systems .
“Last year Australia and the European Commission signed a Declaration of Intent to further improve collaboration
on education. Initiatives such as the Joint Mobility Projects, co-funded with the Department of Education Employment &
Workplace Relations, the Europe Centres and Erasmus Mundus will continue to build and foster relationships in order to uphold
strong bonds between the EU and Australia for many years to come,” Ambassador Julien said.
He was also pleased to learn that among the many talented recipients this year there are some whose Universities are part
of the Europe Centres Network including Macquarie University, Griffith University, Monash University, University of Melbourne,
James Cook University, Australian National University, La Trobe University, Murdoch University and University of Newcastle.
For the 2008-2009 academic year, 1957 students and 459 scholars were selected for Erasmus Mundus scholarships worldwide.
To date, more than 6000 students and more than 1000 teaching staff from across the globe have received an Erasmus Mundus scholarship.
This latest selection completes the first phase of Erasmus Mundus. The second phase of Erasmus Mundus (2009-13) is expected
to start in 2009. The new phase will include doctoral programmes, increased scholarships for European students and promote
further cooperation with higher education institutions worldwide. In addition, the new phase will integrate a mobility scheme
for all levels of higher education.
For more information on Erasmus Mundus and EU education initiatives, visit our education pages
Tel +61 2 6271 2742
Senior Adviser - Media & Public Affairs
Tel +61 2 6271 2744;
mob: 0412 14 21 28
Official information of the European Commission is available at any time at http://europa.eu/rapid/
Classical Art Slide Show
Three UW Faculty Receive Palmes
Académiques for Work on International Environmental Project.
Three University of Wisconsin–Madison faculty will be named Chevaliers de l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques in
a private ceremony with the French Consul General, Jean-Baptiste de Boissière, in Madison on March 27.
Dating from 1808 under Napoleonic rule, the L’Ordre des Palmes Académiques was established to distinguish university
dignitaries and recognize service in the field of education. Today it is conferred on scholars, scientists, and those in literary
and artistic fields.
The three will receive the Palmes Académiques for their efforts in building and running the intercultural program Environmental
Policy, Land Use and Conservation Biology in Franco-American Perspective with the support of the New York-based French American
Cultural Exchange (FACE) Foundation and the Cultural and Scientific Services of the French Embassy.
The Consul General will recognize their contribution in building strong research and education ties between the UW and
the French school, l’École National Supérieure Agronomique de Montpellier. In just three years, 13 U.S. and 12 French
graduate students have participated in the program, developing their scientific and linguistic knowledge and cultural insight.
The program has included faculty exchanges as well.
Consul General de Boissière will deliver a public talk, “The New Context of the French-American Relation,”
at noon on March 27 in 206 Ingraham Hall. Introducing de Boissière will be Gilles Bousquet, dean of the Division of International
Studies and himself a recipient of the Palms Académiques.
Award recipients are: Read more »
Hybrid materials: Exciting interdisciplinary field offering
future solutions for industry.
|Sample combinations can produce >>>
Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announced
today Hybrid Materials 2009: The First International Conference on Multifunctional, Hybrid and Nanomaterials which will take
place in Tours, France, 15-19 March 2009.
Research in hybrid materials has experienced a 14% annual growth in published papers in recent years with increasing interest
from a wide range of industries. This inaugural meeting aims to bring together experts from the various sub-disciplines to
share current research and create an interdisciplinary forum for discussion.
Clément Sanchez, CNRS Research Director at the University of Paris VI and author of some the world’s most cited papers
on hybrid materials, is one of the four conference chairs. He is enthusiastic about the future of research in this area: “Hybrid
materials not only represent a creative approach to design of new materials, but their improved or unusual properties also
allow the development of innovative industrial applications. This interdisciplinary research field will open a land of promising
applications in many areas including optics, electronics, ionics, mechanics, energy, environment, biology, medicine. The three
symposia during Hybrid Materials 2009 will cover all aspects of the chemistry, processing and applications of these advanced
Rumen Duhlev, Publisher at Elsevier and initiator of this project, believes the launch of the conference is extremely timely
and fulfils a real need in providing researchers in both academia and industry with a dedicated forum for discussing advances
in this interdisciplinary field: “We are really excited to collaborate with some of the world’s leading experts
on hybrid materials in the creation of this unique international forum, aiming to bring together representatives of disciplines
as diverse as inorganic chemistry, polymer science, biomaterials, organic chemistry, catalysis, composites and colleagues
from the industry to share knowledge and accelerate progress.”
The conference is currently calling for contributions for presentation at the meeting under one of the three following
symposia: Biohybrids and biomaterials; Bottom-up approaches to functional nanomaterials and nanocomposites; Functional porous
materials. Abstracts should be submitted online at www.hybridmaterialsconference.com by 15 September 2008.
See Appendix - March 13, 2008
|Cornell University's President David J. Skorton
National Security Higher Education Advisory Board Concludes
The National Security Higher Education Advisory Board (NSHEAB),
comprised of 20 university presidents and chancellors, met on February 5, 2008 at FBI Headquarters. The NSHEAB, which was
created in 2005 by FBI Director Robert S. Mueller, III, meets regularly to discuss national security matters that intersect
with higher education. Chaired by Graham Spanier, president of The Pennsylvania State University, the NSHEAB provides a forum
for open, direct dialogue between the FBI, other government agencies, and higher education.
In a recently published editorial, Spanier cited a key concern
for academia as "the denial of visas to scholars who wish to visit the U.S., especially when the denial is political rather
than security-related." In order to address this concern, representatives from the Department of State briefed the members
on the visa issuance process. Additionally, representatives from the Student and Exchange Visitor Program of the Immigration
and Customs Enforcement provided an update on the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System and anticipated expansion
of government services to universities and international students.
The FBI's Cyber Division also briefed the NSHEAB on cyber
intrusion trends. The FBI expressed the need for academia participation in discussions of risk management and the fundamental
issues of privacy in the cyber age. During the meeting, members also discussed relationships between the United States and
other nations, focusing on those with growing relevance to U.S. higher education.
The FBI is extremely pleased with the active engagement of
the Board's members to include Cornell University's President David J. Skorton, who commented at the meeting's conclusion,
"I am grateful to the leadership of the FBI and other agencies for their willingness to engage in a meaningful and candid
way with research university leaders. Concerted dialogue about issues that affect the higher education community is essential
to achieving a balance in areas of critical national concern."
The Board is scheduled to meet again in June 2008.
| Press Releases | FBI Home Page |
|Former Amnesty Interl head Bill Schulz, Irish Ambass. Michael Collins, Brit. Ambass.
|Mitchell Scholar Finalist Katherine Boyle and entrepreneur Chris Schroeder
US-Ireland Alliance Announces 2008-2009 George J. Mitchell
|Mitchell Scholar Finalist Katherine Boyle
The US-Ireland Alliance today announced the names of the 2008-2009 George J. Mitchell Scholars. The new class includes
Duke University’s newspaper editor whose coverage of the Duke lacrosse scandal won him and the paper universal praise,
an environmental activist, an intellectual property specialist and distinguished musician and composer, an accomplished genetic
researcher who has helped to discover a tumor-suppressor gene, and a dedicated anti-poverty advocate who has spent his years
at Georgetown in Washington DC’s neediest neighborhoods.
The prestigious George J. Mitchell Scholarships are awarded annually to twelve Americans, under the age of 30, to pursue
a year of post-graduate study at any university on the island of Ireland. This year’s renowned Selection Committee included
former National Security Advisor Anthony Lake; National Book Award winner Alice McDermott; former State Department official
and internet health leader and CEO Chris Schroeder; Ireland’s Ambassador to the US Michael Collins, Dr. Robert Clarke,
a leading cancer expert at Georgetown who is a native of Northern Ireland; former head of Amnesty International William Schulz;
Irish venture capitalist Gerry McCrory; Maureen Murphy, Dean of the School of Education and Irish historian at Hofstra; and
Jasmin Weaver, a 2004 Mitchell Scholar who is currently working in the Budget Office at Harvard University.
The awards are named after former Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell who spearheaded the historic Good Friday Agreement
of 1998, which produced peace in Northern Ireland. The Mitchell Scholarship program recognizes outstanding young Americans
who exhibit the highest standards of academic excellence, leadership and community service. The program seeks to link future
American leaders with the island of Ireland.
The twelve new Mitchell scholars were selected after a rigorous application process that drew more than 300 applications.
“We are delighted with the new class of George Mitchell Scholars," said Mary Lou Hartman, Director of the George Mitchell
Scholarship program. “They already are leaders in fields ranging from terrorism and national security to intellectual
property, ubiquitous computing, human rights, and neuroscience. As we approach the tenth anniversary of the historic Good
Friday Agreement, these young leaders are the perfect heirs to Senator Mitchell’s legacy. They will build on his legacy
in impressive fashion in the years ahead.”
The Alliance received more applications this year than in previous years, drawing from 139 different schools from all over
the country. “On campuses across the nation, the George Mitchell Scholarship has clearly emerged as one of the most
desirable fellowships in the world. We are delighted by this development because it fulfills the vision of the program –
to bring the most talented young leaders in the nation to the island of Ireland for a year of immersion in Irish academia,
life, and culture as a way of building strong relationships between our countries,” said Trina Vargo, president of the
The Mitchell Scholarship program is possible due to the generous support of Quinlan Private, Garrett & Maeve Kelleher,
Bernard & Moira McNamara, Pat & Teresa Mooney, Derek & Siobhan Quinlan, The Government of Ireland, the US Department
of State – Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Northern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning, BD (Becton,
Dickinson & Company), Bombardier Aerospace (NI) Foundation, Cross Atlantic Capital Partners, John & Cearuil Morrissey,
Anglo Irish Bank, and all of the universities on the island of Ireland.
The George Mitchell Scholarship places a unique emphasis on integrating the educational program with an intensive leadership
program. Throughout the year, Mitchell scholars have the opportunity to meet and brainstorm with leaders of Irish government,
business, culture, and the arts and to fully immerse themselves in the most important and interesting events throughout the
The newly announced 2008-2009 George Mitchell Scholars are listed below along with their hometowns, their US university
affiliation, and their Irish and Northern Ireland university assignment, pending final approval from the universities. A more
complete biography of each Scholar follows.
- Katherine Boyle (Gainesville, Florida)
NUI Galway – Public Advocacy and Activism
- José Canto (Baltimore, Maryland)
University College Dublin - Sociology
- Joshua “Tyler” Dillard (Dothan, Alabama)
Queen’s University Belfast –
- Catherine Fontana (Dearborn, Michigan)
Albion College (Michigan)
Trinity College Dublin – Environmental
- Travis Green (West Palm Beach, Florida)
University College Dublin – Neuroscience
- Lara Janson (Iowa City, Iowa/Seattle, Washington)
University of Ulster – Peace and
- Andrea Laidman (Alden, New York)
University of Notre Dame
NUI Maynooth – Anthropology and Development
- Ryan McCartney (Mt. Kisco, New York)
Dublin City University – Political Communication
- Victoria Moore (Burke, Virginia)
United States Naval Academy
Dublin City University – Development
- Erin Rhoda (Washington, Maine)
Trinity College Dublin – Creative Writing
- Christopher Rosson (Kansas City, Missouri)
Johns Hopkins School of Advanced and International Studies
Jewell College (BA)
Queen’s University Belfast – Violence, Terrorism and Security
- Adam Tart (Marietta, Georgia)
Georgia Institute of Technology
University College Cork – Mobile Networking
- For details of the students above see
Arranged’ Marriage, Co-Residence
and Female Schooling: A Model with Evidence from India
Arranged’ Marriage, Co-Residence and Female Schooling: A Model with Evidence
Issued February 13, 2008
Institute for the Study of Labor
We model the consequences of parental
control over choice of wives for sons, for parental incentives to educate daughters, when the marriage market exhibits competitive
dowry payments and altruistic but paternalistic parents benefit from having married sons live with them. By choosing uneducated
brides, some parents can prevent costly household partition. Paternalistic self-interest consequently generates low levels
of female schooling in the steady state equilibrium. State payments to parents for educating daughters fail to raise female
schooling levels. Policies (such as housing subsidies) that promote nuclear families, interventions against early marriages,
and state support to couples who marry against parental wishes, are however all likely to improve female schooling. We offer
evidence from India consistent with our theoretical analysis.
+ Full Paper (PDF; 143 KB)
UNESCO on Culture:
There is a very strong focus on the actions of the United Nations and how various International political discourse has
affected its operations both internally and in the performance of its basic missions. One of its most important operations
deal with the critical aspects of InterCultural Communications, and it is here we I will start a series of articles which
take facts directly from various organizations, and most importantly blogs and bloggers.
To start....As per their website:
On Cultural Diversity:
Cultural Diversity has been at the core of
UNESCO’s concerns since the Organization came into being 60 years ago. The adoption of the UNESCO Universal Declaration
on Cultural Diversity (2 November 2001) confirmed yet again the Organization's commitment to the "fruitful diversity of…
cultures" in a spirit of dialogue and openness, taking into account the risks of identity-based isolationism and standardization
associated with globalization.
Given that cultures embrace literature and the arts as well as ways of life, value systems, traditions and beliefs, the
protection and promotion of their diversity presents special challenges: notably defending creative capacity through the multitude
of its material and immaterial forms and ensuring that all peoples live together peacefully.
On the blog UNESCO In the Spotlight: Education and Culture this ..
Ambassador Louise Oliver addressed the Executive Board of UNESCO on October 3. Her remarks are published on the website of the U.S. Permanent Delegation to UNESCO
. After expressing support for the medium term strategy, she said:
However, despite the hard work of the drafting group and its excellent co-chairmen, we think that the C5 (report with the
proposed program and budget) is still overly ambitious. Certainly we are pleased that the C5 includes expected results for
UNESCO’s initiatives, but is it really possible for the Secretariat to achieve those results in only two years, especially
if we insist that their work is of high quality?
More .....click to bog itself...end of blog....
Note:Included in this blog is some additional information which on the surface
seems important. Nonetheless, and with respect to to what is entailed, there is still strong evidence that there are
those within this institution who forever will have a real sense of their initial mission.
Then, and as part of that mission there is Science and Communications.
National reviews of science, technology, and innovation are designed to help chart a course that encourages systems of
scientific inquiry and broadens the engagement of scientific evidence in the policymaking process. The methods used for these
reviews have varied between countries and among the agencies involved. To learn from past experiences, in April 2003 some
60 representatives from 12 developing countries and international organizations discussed the impacts of previous science
and technology reviews, studied how ongoing national assessments had been designed and were being implemented, and collectively
deliberated on how future reviews might be enhanced. The organizations represented at the workshop included the World Bank,
Sida, UNCTAD, OECD, and the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD). The summary of that meeting
was published jointly by UNESCO and the IDRC in 2003. (PDF, 66 pages.)
Labels: science and technology for development
Note: In the experiences of helping International Students / Scholars
within Western, New York who were mainly from developing countries, the very concept of an institution reaching out to them
to give them the advantage of science and scientific knowledge, as every developed nation already has, to applied
to their respected societies is look at just as important as food itself. This plus the ability to establish lines
of communications, to enhance the further application of science by such technological innovations such as the Internet, an
important cultural component to society development, to those area of additional knowledge, whether it be science
or simply social or cultural, assist in very strong terms their future devlopment and thus giving more and broader options
in which to choose their future. This aspect, choice is interrelated to self - determination, and with that connection,
one is able to see the real overall mission of UNESCO in this role.
Then one comes to the issue of women.
UNESCO's Chief of International Cooperation in Higher Education and Manager - UNESCO Chairs, Dr. Sonia Bahri (at left) visits
the Women Studies Program at Boston University. She shares the news that the UNITWIN (University Twinning) Network on Gender,
Culture and People-centered Development becomes official in September--- the sole UNITWIN now based in Massachusetts! With
her (left to right) are Dr. Brenda Gael McSweeney, initator of this UNITWIN Network; Dr. Barbara Gottfried, Women Studies
Program faculty; and Maryam Shahsahebi, WSP program manager.
Note: Why this connection is important.....
By Shiwali Patel, Boston University 2005 graduate, former Community
Educator for Adults and Adolescents at the DC Rape Crisis Center, current law student at Washington College of Law at American
It’s an unfortunate reality that sexual violence is widespread to the
extent that one in three women worldwide will be a sexual assault survivor. I’ve learned about sexual violence
in depth at Boston University (BU) as a women’s studies student and at the DC Rape Crisis Center (DCRCC) where I was
a community educator in Washington, D.C.
for almost two years. As a student I researched global sexual violence and learned about the horrors faced by
many women and children in war torn regions where rape is often used as a tactic of war. Also, to connect more
with the issue, I researched campus rapes in the United States
and shockingly discovered how so few survivors of rape are supported by their schools.
Another reality I came to understand more clearly as a student and an advocate
was societal belief in damaging myths about sexual violence. Adults, adolescents, college students and children
have expressed to me, in different ways, many false assumptions about rape. These include: sometimes women are
at fault for being raped because “of wearing a short skirt,” “of being too sexual,” “of being
in the wrong place at the wrong time,” “men can’t control their sexual urges,” or that “she
really wanted it then, but changed her mind and cried rape afterwards.” After listening to this, I would
scream in my head thinking, but what if she wanted to wear that skirt? Does this mean that I can’t go anywhere in
clothes that I like to wear without being blamed if I’m attacked? How about the many stories I’ve heard
about women not reporting? What about children? How are they asking for it? The people
who spread these myths disregard the implications of what they are saying- that it’s not the rapists fault for rape,
that the victim is to blame, that men and boys aren’t raped, and that rape is just about sexual gratification. All
of these are false and in reality, rape is a violent act that is used to overpower and humiliate its victims.
As this is part of UNITWIN Network: Gender, Culture, Development.
Note: From various
aspects, and much which deals with the implementation and practice of InterCutlural Communications, the ciritcal terms of
how one labels Developing Countries amd Developed Countries becomes even sharper when dealing with a focus on women, and the
essential female sexual right to say " NO! ".
Then, with this in mind, the real issue of choice becomes more clear, and how integrating ideas, technology, communications,
and relevant social knowledge of awareness clearly exposes the divider barrier, or image between " developed " and " developing
" nation or society.
And finally come the environment...
The Danube Delta
realm of waters is home for three hundred bird species and numerous fish species - over 45 -, from sturgeons to carps and
perches, while the 1150 plant species range from lianas creeping on tree trunks in oak forests to water lilies.
It is no
wonder that UNESCO designated the Danube Delta as a "Biosphere Reservation". The Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation holds
a triple international protection status: Biosphere Reservation, internationally nominated by the UNESCO Committee "Man and
the Biosphere", International Wet Area nominated by the Ramsar Convention Secretariat, and World Natural Heritage Site recognised
by UNESCO. More...
Note: This is where I indicated comments.
It is so very true, and many here in America should likewise take more serious note,
that everything is indeed in the eye of the beholder. In developed countries we see things from our advantage view
point, and with better access to what made our societies successful within present modern dynamics.
Yet, and what we have missed is that in developing countries they had to developed more successful societies inoder to
survive, and thus they have, and at times a more solid social base than we, in which any information or outreach of
additional knowledge is more crucial, as its not their taxes - which the money in which the United Nations benefits from by
contributing nation's taxes - but the very future and stability of their societies which is to them the more imperative. They
really don't give a damn about the politics, nor the present discourse which goes on in America about the UN, they need more
to survive itself.
The issues isjust as important to those International Student Scholars who are here in The United States, and this article
brief, is one way in this academic body can approach their individual campuses, and the further need for the promotion of
International based social and cultural programs.
19 Cambodians to Pursue U.S. Graduate Degrees under 2007-2008 Fulbright Program
|Ambassador Mussomeli (far left) and H.E. Dr. Kol Pheng (far right) pose for the group photo.
The U.S. Embassy in Phnom Penh recently conducted a pre-departure orientation for 10 new Cambodians
who will pursue graduate degrees in the U.S. under the auspices of the Fulbright Fellowship Program. They will join 9 other
Cambodian Fulbright students currently in the U.S. for a total of 19 Cambodian students studying under the Fulbright program
in 2007-2008. Guests of honor for the opening ceremony were U.S. Ambassador to Cambodia, Joseph A. Mussomeli; H.E. Dr. Kol
Pheng, Senior Minister and Minister of Education, Youth and Sports; Mr. Men Nimmith, President of the Fulbright Alumni Association of Cambodia; and Ms. Dy Koekunthea, Fulbright student representative. After the opening ceremony, the new students and their
parents had the opportunity to discuss living and studying in the U.S. with current and former Fulbright grantees.
The Fulbright Fellowship Program was established by the U.S. Congress in 1945 as a means "to
increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries." The Fulbright Program
was re-instituted in Cambodia in 1994. Since that time, 84 Cambodian students have pursued programs of graduate study
in the U.S. and more than 40 American Senior Scholars and Specialists have traveled to Cambodia to teach in Cambodian universities
and assist with curriculum development.
In his remarks, Ambassador Mussomeli told the students, "You are about to embark on an adventure
that will change your lives. Not only will you pursue an academic program that will strengthen your personal skills
and development, you will also serve as cultural ambassadors to the United States during your time there, working to increase
American understanding of Cambodia.... [E]ach American that meets you will be impressed and will want to learn more about
you and your country. Each of you will help build mutual respect through education and through relationship building. You
will join students from around the world, learning from them as they will learn from you. After returning to Cambodia upon
completion of your studies, you will then be able to share your experiences and impressions of the U.S. with your fellow countrymen.
Many people will benefit from this opportunity of yours. Your role as cultural ambassadors is an important one."
The primary source of funding for the Fulbright Program is an annual appropriation from Congress
to the Department of State. For 2007, the U.S. State Department increased the allocation for the Fulbright Program in Cambodia
to $500,000. Additionally, U.S. universities that will host Cambodian Fulbright students for the 2007-2008 academic year will
contribute an additional $275,000 in scholarships, bringing the total value of the Fulbright Program for Cambodia to $775,000.
Fulbright Student Fellowship grants provide round-trip transportation to the United States,
and tuition, fees and living expenses for full-time graduate study. The application process to become a Cambodian Fulbright
Scholar begins in March each year with Embassy staff conducting information sessions on the process at universities throughout
To be eligible for the Fulbright program, applicants must:
have a strong academic background and a record of excellence in previous studies;
have completed a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized college or university;
be proficient in English (minimum TOEFL score 550);
be able to adapt readily to a foreign environment; and
be in good health and able to undergo a rigorous study program.
Also on the Fulbright program in 2007-2008, two (2) American Scholars will travel to Cambodia
to assist with curriculum development at the Royal University of Phnom Penh in radio journalism and education management.
And for the first time ever, four (4) American students will come to Cambodia to conduct research.
Since its establishment, the Fulbright Program has provided more than 250,000 participants,
chosen for their leadership potential, with the opportunity to observe each others' political, economic and cultural institutions,
exchange ideas, and embark on joint ventures of importance to the general welfare of the world's inhabitants. Fulbright alumni
populate an entire range of professions and include heads of state, cabinet ministers, ambassadors, Members of Congress, judges,
heads of corporations, university presidents, journalist, artists, professors, and teachers. Actor John Lithgow, composer
Philip Glass, opera singer Renee Fleming and economist Joseph Stiglitz are among notable former American grantees.
In Cambodia, several Fulbright alumni are working in key positions in the Ministries of Finance,
Agriculture and Natural Resources Preservation, and Interior. Many others are lecturers at different universities and national
program officers for a variety of international and non-governmental organizations.
2007-2008 Cambodian Fulbright Student Grantees
Ms. Dy Koekunthea - Public Health, University of Alabama Birmingham
Ms. Keo Kalyan - Public Administration, Syracuse
Mr. Poev Vathana - Structural Engineering, Virginia Tech
Mr. Seang Soleak - Journalism, University of Kansas
Mr. Heng Piphal - Archaeology, University of Hawaii, Manoa
Ms. Dek Dary - Media and Communication, Emerson College
Mr. Chou Huot - International Relations, Syracuse University
Ms. Ong Bopha - Educational Administration, SUNY Buffalo
Ms. Pou Pichrachana - MBA-Finance, University of Akron
Mr. Thy Khemra - Eonomics, New York University
Mr. Ann Sovatha - Anthropology, Northern Illinois University
Mr. Chan Virak - TESL, San Jose State University
Ms. Chea Chou - Communications, Michigan State University
Ms. Eng Sereikhuoch - MBA, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Mr. In Vichea - Education, Indiana University
Mr. Khieng Sothy - International Development Studies, Ohio University
Ms. Noun Monisophorn - MBA, Brandeis University
Mr. Peou Chivoin - Media Theory and Research, Florida A&M University
Mr. Teng Somongkol - Education, Boston College
Mr. Roger M. Christian
Ithaca Night Life ( NightLife ), RMC, D.B.A.
103 West Seneca, Suite 206A
Ithaca, New York 14850
607 - 451 - 8663
2008-2009 Postdoctoral Fellowship in Race and Ethnicity ...... Editing of press releases
for web site listings; Developing ideas for and managing the web
InterCultural Communications / Conflict Preventioning WebSite
InterCultural Communications / Conflict Preventioning WebSite developed by Mr. Roger M. Christian was issued on the Internet
September 29, 2007 based upon the website process of frames.
As the links states:
The Policy Statement, along with the additional instructions attached gives a better comprehensive
view of how the program is to work, what program it is to promote, and who are the natural assests to initiate the central
programs. The central view, is that when America state to projects its power beyond the borders of the United States
it has to assure that any investments made are not view by other nations as destrcutive to their own interest and preservation
of their right to exist within the dynamics of their own historic cultural traditions.
That public policy statements within the International Affairs of the United State should have
the voice of the affected International partner being sought or promoted, as well as face reprisals within the national discourse
of its development. Intercultural Communications, and the promotion of the private sectors, as well as private sector activisms
has already proved itslef out through various International or National Cultural Fiesta largely sponsored on various acdemic
centers which have significant International Students / Scholars.
This is part of an over get the attention stage and in which OnLine set of instructions are subsequently
being author to insure the promotion of the central programs / fiestas. It is never the politiclization of issues which
can successfully satisfy International concerns over American foreign policy, but that it is the direct involvement of the
private sectors which can accomblish this fasters and with less investments, as the research has indicated.
Stay tune, as the overall developing internet focus is just beginning and there are additional
actions and web developmentsbeing initiated.
Global Village Project 2008 - Sign up
Due to organisational reason we need to postpone the Global Village
Project from September 2007 to Februar 2008. The Global Village Project Action Week will now take place from 10th –
17th February 2008. All organisations that have already registered to participate in September 2007 will of course be considered
for February 2008. The registration dead line to participate in the Global Village Project will also move to the 31st December
10th – 17th February 2008
You have reached the information site of the Global Village Project 2008. In 2005 and 2006 United Games, in close partnership
and cooperation with the University of Applied Sciences, in Graz successfully organised and developed the Global Village Project.
In 2006 we linked and united more than 20 youth-led development action projects through internet. These projects took
place simultaneously in Austria, Czech Republic, England, Hungary, Serbia and Slovenia in EUROPE, in Russia, India and Pakistan
in ASIA, in Malawi, Sierra Leone and South Africa in AFRICA, in Ecuador and Peru in South America and in Canada in North America
between 28th May and 4th June 2006.
Because of the great success in 2005 and in 2006 we will continue with the Global
Village Project in 2007. We will also increase the number of Action Projects and countries participating in the week-long
youth led action event, which will take place from 10th – 17th February 2008.
CLICK HERE TO JOIN US IN 2008
THE GLOBAL VILLAGE PROJECT
There is still place for you and your Action Project!
We still have room for Youth Led Development Action Projects
in 2008 for 4 - 6 additional countries. Action Projects that wish to join from any country and any region of the world
What you have to do if you want to join
Go onto the register link on this website, fill out the application form and send it to us. In December 2007 you will be informed if your application
was accepted and that you and your youth initiative or NGO and your local Action Project are part of the Global Village Project
2008. The Action Project which you wish to submit for the Glaobal Village Project, should follow the guidelines of the Be the Change Programme, and should be in line and support the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations.
Your participation in the Global Village Project 2008 will be free of any charge!
initiatives and groups in the following countries are already taking part with their Action Projects in 2008.
|University of Chicago Report: All the World is a School
Georgetown Students Receive Study Abroad Scholarships
|More News on iEARN
Academia - International Students / Scholars News
is a special News Service to International Students / Scholars in which various ' public domain press releases ' are
viewed world wide for selection. Moreover, as a result of the form of information facilitation, your attention and solicitation
is likewise need to cover those areas which you feel are needed to be included.
Developer of World Wide Web, Father of Biomechanics, and
Exceptional Educators Win Highest Engineering Honors of 2007
WASHINGTON -- The engineering profession's highest honors
for 2007, presented by the National Academies' National Academy of Engineering (NAE), recognize three achievements that have
revolutionized how people use information, opened new frontiers of medical research, and guided promising engineers into leadership
Timothy J. Berners-Lee will receive
the prestigious Charles Stark Draper Prize -- a $500,000 annual award that honors engineers whose accomplishments have significantly
benefited society -- "for developing the World Wide Web."
Yuan-Cheng "Bert" Fung will receive
the Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize -- a $500,000 biennial award recognizing engineering achievement that significantly
improves the human condition -- "for the characterization and modeling of human tissue mechanics and function leading to prevention
and mitigation of trauma."
Harold S. Goldberg, Jerome E. Levy, and Arthur W. Winston will share the Bernard M. Gordon
Prize -- a $500,000 award issued annually that recognizes innovation in engineering and technology education -- "for the development
of a multidisciplinary graduate program for engineering professionals who have the potential and the desire to be engineering
The prizes will be presented at a gala dinner in Washington, D.C., on Feb. 20.
Details goto web page . Blog / Archive Hosts.
|Subscribe to International and National Cultural Fiesta Movement |
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Wanted Writers :
To those who want to get their essays and short stories on line there is Writer's Weekly
Welcome to America [ Blog ]
GENERAL ASSEMBLY PROCLAIMS 2008 INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF LANGUAGES,
TO PROMOTE UNITY IN DIVERSITY, GLOBAL UNDERSTANDING
The General Assembly this afternoon, recognizing that
genuine multilingualism promotes unity in diversity and international understanding, proclaimed 2008 the International Year
Acting without a vote, the Assembly, also recognizing that the United Nations
pursues multilingualism as a means of promoting, protecting and preserving diversity of languages and cultures globally, emphasized
the paramount importance of the equality of the Organization’s six official languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French,
Russian and Spanish).
In that regard, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to ensure that
all language services were given equal treatment and were provided with equally favourable working conditions and resources.
The Secretary-General was also requested to complete the task of publishing all important older United Nations documents on
the Organization’s website in all six official languages, on a priority basis.
Further, the Assembly emphasized the importance of making appropriate use of
all the official languages in all the activities of the Department of Public Information, with the aim of eliminating the
disparity between the use of English and the use of the five other official languages.
Introducing the resolution (contained in document A/61/L.56), France’s
representative said the text would ensure a “global” approach to multilingualism and would promote a reasonable
vision of multilingualism at the United Nations. It would help ensure adherence to the principles of multilingualism
in the Organization’s daily activities and, for the first time, would underline the importance of providing technical
assistance and training in the local languages of beneficiary countries.
Speakers, among them the representatives of Tunisia, Andorra, Russian Federation,
Romania and Senegal, stressed that multilingualism in the United Nations served to enrich the work of the Organization.
Linguistic diversity was the foundation of cultural diversity. Without appropriate attention to the issue of preserving
linguistic diversity, the harmonious integration of a growing number of countries in the practical work of the Organization
would hardly be possible.
They welcomed the work of the Department of Public Information regarding multilingualism
in electronic resources, as well as that of the United Nations information centres (UNICs) in disseminating information through
local languages. Some speakers hoped the next resolution on multilingualism would include an explicit reference to the
need for linguistic diversity in peacekeeping operations.
The Assembly was informed that any resource implications resulting from the
resolution would be addressed in the Secretary-General’s report to the sixty-third session of the Assembly on implementation
of the resolution.
Also this afternoon, the Assembly, acting on the recommendation of the Special
Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee), adopted without a vote the resolution entitled “Comprehensive
review of a strategy to eliminate future sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations peacekeeping operations” (contained
in document A/61/409/Add.1).
By the terms of the text, the Assembly -- reaffirming
the need to implement a zero-tolerance policy towards sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations peacekeeping operations,
and to assist victims of sexual exploitation and abuse by the Organization’s staff or related personnel -- would endorse
the proposals, recommendations and conclusions contained in the report of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations
at its second resumed session of 2006, held on 18 December.
In that report, the Special Committee requested the open-ended ad hoc working
group of experts to continue its consideration of a revised draft model Memorandum of Understanding with troop-contributing
countries at a resumed session before the end of June.
The representative of Uganda, underscoring the importance of the issue, said
his delegation supported the “zero-tolerance” concept; after all, peacekeepers should not be “peace abusers”.
Underlying factors, such as poverty, should be considered, as well, to help address that scourge, he stated.
In other action, the Assembly appointed Thomas Thomma ( Germany) as a member
of the Committee on Contributions for a term of office beginning today and ending on 31 December 2008, in order to fill a
vacancy resulting from the resignation of Sujata Ghorai ( Germany).
At the outset of the meeting, the Assembly observed a minute of silence and
paid tribute to the memory of His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II, Head of State of Samoa, who passed away on 11 May.
Expressing their condolences were the representatives of Sri Lanka (on behalf of the Asian States), Latvia (on behalf of the
Eastern European States), Jamaica (on behalf of the Latin American and Caribbean States), Portugal (on behalf of the Western
European and other States), United States (as host country), United Republic of Tanzania (on behalf of the African States)
and Tonga (on behalf of the Pacific Islands Forum). The representative of Samoa thanked the speakers for their expressions