Indignity and despair in Liberia's biggest prison
by: Kate Thomas
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When Richard Lovelace penned the 17th century love poem that begins "Stone
walls do not a prison make", he obviously hadn't been to Liberia's most overcrowded jail. For at Monrovia Central Prison there
is little else but crumbling stone walls, rusty iron bars and the stench of rotting dignity.
More than 600 prisoners
are held here, five times the jail's intended capacity. They are crammed, sometimes 10 to a cell, inside dark cellblocks where
air rarely flows but sewage does.
Among the inmates in the women's block is Mary, a 60-year-old woman arrested for
failing to pay a bill on time. She shares a mouldy mattress with seven other women, some of whom are accused of more serious
Accused is the optimum word. Of the 651 inmates, just 28 have been sentenced.
Liberia's 14 year conflict
tore the country's judicial system apart. Four years after the end of the war, it is barely functional. Defendants sometimes
wait years just to see a judge. Nobody knows who might be innocent and who might be guilty.
When I walk into the men's
block I'm engulfed by throngs of sweaty, hungry men who haven't eaten in hours and haven't seen a woman in months. They pour
into the corridor, asking for food, water, mattresses, a phone number.
Among them are 127 men accused of gang rape
and several awaiting trial for murder. Others are here for lesser crimes such as petty theft. Some have been locked up because
they are gay.
I meet Joseph, a gaunt looking man with a long beard and a cigarette. He arrived four months ago on charges
of aggravated assault. He went to court but the alleged victim didn't turn up and he doesn't know if there will be a retrial.
There is BB Smith, the joker of the block, accused of robbery. Since he was brought here he hasn't heard from his
family, friends or any judge. He makes people laugh because he doesn't know what else to do.
And then there is Chimba,
a giant of a man eager to be listened to. As he proclaims his innocence, his screams ricochet off the urine-stained walls.
A judge has offered him bail but he can't stump up the $2,500 fee. Freedom is expensive, he whispers as I leave, but perhaps
I could bring him a bucket.
War has really taken its toll on Liberia's prison service. Most of the correctional officers
working here are unpaid trainees and only the Nepali U.N. soldiers who man the watchtowers are armed. A brand new block has
just been completed with U.N. funding, but the prisoners have yet to move in.
"After the U.N. leave, the government
won't be able to support the prison," one of the trainees confides. This week the U.N. mandate in Liberia was extended for
one more year.
Because the government's funds are so limited, the corridors are patrolled by the inmates themselves.
Amah, an eloquent 28-year-old on rape charges, runs Block B. He serves meals of bulgar wheat twice a day and arranges the
weekly laundry run. "We just don't have enough staff," he says. "Or mattresses".
In the prison grounds there is a
brightly painted tuck shop selling cream crackers, lollipops and melted chocolate bars. Behind the counter is Peterson, an
inmate accused of manslaughter. He's been working in the shop for three months.
"I wouldn't say I like working here,
but it keeps me busy," he says, in a slow Liberian drawl. "No one can say if I'll go to court," he adds as he puts torn packets
of biscuits on the half-empty shelves.
One of his customers is Jim, a young teenager housed in one of the prison's
overcrowded juvenile cells. His voice hasn't broken yet but his childhood is in pieces.
Liberian law says under-16s
should not be in prison while awaiting trial, but the country's sole juvenile judge is so overworked that he hasn't found
time to house them elsewhere. So they fester - and there is no other word for it - in a hot filthy cell furnished with a potty,
half a foam mattress and a broken bucket.
The wind carries their high-pitched cries through the tiny barred windows.
I can still hear them as I walk through the heavy black gates. "We are blessed to have the U.N. here," the unpaid officer
says as he sees me out.
A few hours here is almost too much to bear. I go home and take a long hot shower. I don't
want to imagine how it must feel to be here for weeks, months, years. Somehow I don't think bathing in a bucket of stagnant
water would wash away the pain.
Paul Biya To Address the UN
Richard Kwang Kometa
Source: All Africa Global Media Date: September 27, 2007
Sep 27, 2007 (Cameroon
Tribune/All Africa Global Media via COMTEX) -- President Paul Biya will address the 62nd Session of the UN General Assembly
today at about 12 mid day New York time.
The President who was has been actively present at all the debates in the UN
General Assembly, that began on Tuesday, granted an audience to the President of Cote d'Ivoire, Laurent Laurent Gbagbo at
12:45 New York time, (5:45 Cameroon time) shortly after the Ivorian leader made his first major address at the General Assembly
of the UN since he took over power seven years ago.
Speaking to the press after close to 35 minutes of discussions
with President Paul Biya, the Ivorian leader said he came to thank President Biya for assisting the Cote d'Ivoire in November
2006 during the peace and security meeting that held in Addis Ababa concerning the war in his country.
announced his imminent visit to Cameroon. Talking about the present situation in his country, the Ivorian leader made reference
to the declaration he just made at the UN General Assembly adding that his visit to Cameroon will also enable him to throw
more light on the situation his country.
President Biya later confirmed his invitation to the Ivorian leader during
a declaration he made to the Ivorian press shortly after the audience. He said he congratulated President Laurent Gbagbo for
the clarity and precision in his speech at the UN General Assembly and for the peace initiative he was forging in Cote d'Ivoire.
Mr. Biya said the Ouagadougou peace agreement between Ivorian factions was good for the country and was also an example
that Africans could solve their problems even though they still needed the international community. President Biya also said
he reiterated Cameroon's support to the Ivorian leader in the permanent search for peace in the Cote d'Ivoire.
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